Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults


Luke 19:1-10

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - Jesus Heals a Man Who Is Blind (Mark 10:46-52)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have summoned you by name; you are mine. Isaiah 43:1

Opening Prayer

From Galilee (Matthew 19:1-2)
    Where did Jesus go after He first left Galilee and with whom? = John baptized at Bethany
      Matthew 3:13, 4:1 = Across the Jordan, into desert with Spirit = John 1:28
    Where did Jesus go after He last left Galilee and with whom?
      Matthew 19:1-2 = Across the Jordan, large crowds followed Him

To Jerusalem (John 11)
    What was one reason that Jesus went away from the main cities at the end of His ministry?
      John 11:47-48, 53-54 = Warrant out for His arrest, withdrew to Ephraim
    Did the large crowd remain with Jesus the whole time He was in Ephraim?
      John 11:55-57 = Many went to Jerusalem to prepare for Passover
    When Jesus finally left for Jerusalem, did He first calm the fears of His disciples?
      Luke 18:31-34 = No, He told exactly what would happen, they didn't understand

Just Passing Through (Luke 19:1)
    Who did Jesus meet on His way to Jerusalem? = as Jesus approached Jericho
      Luke 18:35, 42-43 = Bartimaeus (Mark 10), received sight, next week's topic
    Did it appear that Jesus intended to stay in Jericho?
      Luke 19:1-2a = No, He was passing through
    Had He actually planned to stay or pass through?
      Luke 19:5 = He had specific plans to stay the night with Zacchaeus
    Would Jesus really have intended to pass through Jericho?
      Luke 10:30 = No, Jericho to Jerusalem road was dangerous, 6-hr 2400ft ascent

    Are there other examples where Jesus looked like He would pass by where He was needed?
      Mark 6:48 = He was about to walk by the disciples trying to row against the wind
      Luke 24:13, 28 = Acted like he'd go further before disciples recognized Him
    How could Jesus just pass by someone who needs Him? = Others not His sheep
      John 10:25-27 = Jesus calls, He knows His sheep & they hear His voice and follow

The Chief of Sinners and Tax Collectors (Luke 19:2)
    Jericho controlled the strategic ford of the Jordan to the ancient Eastern trade routes
      Key roads from Jericho = N to Bethel & Shechem, W to Jerusalem, S to Hebron
      On main road for Jews traveling to & from Galilee (bypass around Samaria)
      Strong customs and excise collection in this trade center
    Who was in charge of the powerful tax office in Jericho?
      Luke 19:2 = Zacchaeus .. he was chief tax collector
    As such a wealthy man, how respected would Zacchaeus have been? = scum of society
      Matthew 18:17 = Treat the unrepentant like a pagan or tax collector
      Matthew 5:44, 46 = Even the tax collectors love those who love them
      = Jewish traitors (collected for Rome), Forced more than required (profit)

Zacchaeus Was A Wee Little Man (Luke 19:3, 4)
    How well did Zacchaeus know Jesus?
      Luke 19:3 = He didn't, He wanted to see who Jesus was
    What problems did Zacchaeus have to be able to see Jesus?
      Luke 19:3 = Being short, he couldn't see over the crowd
      Leviticus 22:3 = Unclean are to stay away from the Lord, TCs considered unclean
    How earnestly did Zacchaeus want to see Jesus?
      Luke 19:4 = He ran ahead and climbed a tree, unbecoming for chief publican
    Sycamore-fig = Inferior to ordinary fig, Widespread low branches, Along roads for shade
    What promise had God made that fit Zacchaeus' situation?
      Deuteronomy 4:29 = You'll find God if you look for Him with all your heart & soul

The Savior's Call (Luke 19:5)
    Was Zacchaeus able to see this Jesus like he so eagerly wanted?
      Luke 19:5 = Yes, and much moreso; He not only saw Jesus, Jesus saw him
    Isn't it amazing that Jesus called Zacchaeus by name?
      John 10:2-3, 14 = Jesus is the Great Shepherd who calls His own sheep by name

    Was Jesus' call to Zacchaeus just for him or also for us?
      Revelation 3:20 = If anyone hears my voice & opens the door, I will come in
    What does Jesus' call of Zacchaeus tell us about His call to us?
      Gracious = He might have passed by (verse 1)
      Personal = He called Zacchaeus by name
      Urgent = He told him to come down immediately
      Humbling = He told him to come down
      Affectionate = Stay at your house (friendly)
      Assuring = I must
      Effective = He came down at once

Zac's Answer to the Call (Luke 19:6, 8, 9)
    How did Zacchaeus respond to Jesus' call?
      Luke 19:6 = Enthusiastically - He came down at once, welcomed Him gladly
    Did Jesus expect this kind of welcome?
      John 10:4 = Yes, His sheep follow Him because they know His voice

    Did Jesus' call really change Zacchaeus' life?
      Luke 19:8 = Yes, showed faith by giving half to poor, pay back wrong 4 times
    What example of giving to the poor had been commanded on Mount Sinai?
      Exodus 23:10-11 = Leave ground fallow on 7th year & let poor glean food from it
    What was the command for making restitution for wrongs against another?
      Numbers 5:6-7 = Repay wrong plus a fifth (120%)
    What class of crime did Zacchaeus accept by paying back four times?
      Exodus 22:1 = Theft, Pay back 4 sheep for one stolen sheep

    How did Jesus respond to Zacchaeus' comment?
      Luke 19:9 = Announced that Zacchaeus has received salvation
    Was Zacchaeus saved because he gave to the poor and made amends for his cheating?
      Luke 18:18-22 = To earn salvation requires perfect lifetime obedience & giving all
    Why was Zacchaeus saved?
      Luke 7:48, 50 = Your sins are forgiven...your faith has saved you.
    Why did Jesus say Zacchaeus was saved because he was a son of Abraham?
      Galatians 3:29 = If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, & heirs...

The Walls of Jericho (Luke 19:8-9)
    Known as the oldest walled town in the world = First settled before 9600 BC
      Walls built by 8000 BC = 6000 yrs before Abraham
    Where were the Israelites when their wanderings officially ended and their calling began?
      Joshua 5:10-12 = Camped by Jericho; Jesus ended travels & began calling
    Where did the Israelites first receive part of the Promised Land after crossing the Jordan?
      Joshua 6:1-2, 20-21 = Jericho; Zac 1st got promised land, devoted goods to Lord
    Note: Archaeologists in 1930s found double walls (12 & 6 ft thick) violently destroyed
      Layers of ash & volumes of charred grain confirm destruction recorded in Joshua

    What caused the walls of Jericho to tumble down?
      Hebrews 11:30 = Faith of the people
    What caused the walls of Zacchaeus' sinfulness & greed to tumble down?
      Luke 19:8-9 = Repentance and faith

Zacchaeus the Pure (Luke 19:7)
    Zacchaeus is Greek form of Hebrew word for pure = Greek is Zakchaios, Hebrew is zakkay
    How pure was Zacchaeus in the eyes of those who felt they knew about righteousness?
      Luke 18:11 = Tax collectors were as impure as you could get
    How did the people of Jericho feel about Jesus' outreach to Zacchaeus?
      Luke 19:7 = They felt it was wrong for Him to fellowship with a Sinner
    How does Zacchaeus' name become fitting when he is chosen by Jesus?
      Ephesians 1:4-7 = Chose us to be holy & blameless by redemption thru His blood

Come to Seek and Save the Lost (Luke 19:10)
    Shouldn't Jesus have gone to stay with a church leader or scholar instead of a chief sinner?
      Luke 19:10 = The Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost
    What kinds of people does God count as lost sinners?
      Psalm 14:2-3 = All have turned aside...there is no one who does good...

    Were there other examples where Jesus sought out sinners as great as tax collectors?
      Luke 5:27-28 = He called Levi (Matthew) from his tax booth to be an apostle
    How did the church leaders and scholars respond to Jesus' fellowship with this sinner?
      Luke 5:29-30 = They complained that it was wrong
    How did Jesus respond to their complaints?
      Luke 5:31-32 = I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance

    How long had Jesus' mission to save lost sinners been revealed?
      Matthew 1:21 = Angel told Joseph that Jesus will save his people from their sins

The Great Banquet (Luke 14:16-24)
    What parable did Jesus tell to explain why He was called to seek the sinners?
      Luke 14:16-17 = A man invited many guests to the banquet (kingdom of heaven)
    How did the chosen reply to the invitation?
      Luke 14:18-20 = Made excuses for not coming (church leaders & scholars)
    What did the host do to fill his banquet hall?
      Luke 14:21-24 = Invited those who didn't appear to be worthy

    What other parables did Jesus speak to point out His calling to save the lost?
      Luke 15:3-7 = The Parable of the Lost Sheep
      Luke 15:8-10 = The Parable of the Lost Coin
      Luke 15:11-32 = The Parable of the Lost Son (Prodigal Son, Forgiving Father)

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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