Bible Stories for Adults
Welcome and Announcements
Next Week - Jesus Heals a Man Who Is Blind (Mark 10:46-52)
Bible Words to Remember:
Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have summoned you by name; you are mine. Isaiah 43:1
From Galilee (Matthew 19:1-2)
Where did Jesus go after He first left Galilee and with whom? = John baptized at Bethany
Matthew 3:13, 4:1 = Across the Jordan, into desert with Spirit = John 1:28
Where did Jesus go after He last left Galilee and with whom?
Matthew 19:1-2 = Across the Jordan, large crowds followed Him
To Jerusalem (John 11)
What was one reason that Jesus went away from the main cities at the end of His ministry?
John 11:47-48, 53-54 = Warrant out for His arrest, withdrew to Ephraim
Did the large crowd remain with Jesus the whole time He was in Ephraim?
John 11:55-57 = Many went to Jerusalem to prepare for Passover
When Jesus finally left for Jerusalem, did He first calm the fears of His disciples?
Luke 18:31-34 = No, He told exactly what would happen, they didn't understand
Just Passing Through (Luke 19:1)
Who did Jesus meet on His way to Jerusalem? = as Jesus approached Jericho
Luke 18:35, 42-43 = Bartimaeus (Mark 10), received sight, next week's topic
Did it appear that Jesus intended to stay in Jericho?
Luke 19:1-2a = No, He was passing through
Had He actually planned to stay or pass through?
Luke 19:5 = He had specific plans to stay the night with Zacchaeus
Would Jesus really have intended to pass through Jericho?
Luke 10:30 = No, Jericho to Jerusalem road was dangerous, 6-hr 2400ft ascent
Are there other examples where Jesus looked like He would pass by where He was needed?
Mark 6:48 = He was about to walk by the disciples trying to row against the wind
How could Jesus just pass by someone who needs Him? = Others not His sheep
Luke 24:13, 28 = Acted like he'd go further before disciples recognized Him
John 10:25-27 = Jesus calls, He knows His sheep & they hear His voice and follow
The Chief of Sinners and Tax Collectors (Luke 19:2)
Jericho controlled the strategic ford of the Jordan to the ancient Eastern trade routes
Key roads from Jericho = N to Bethel & Shechem, W to Jerusalem, S to Hebron
Who was in charge of the powerful tax office in Jericho?
On main road for Jews traveling to & from Galilee (bypass around Samaria)
Strong customs and excise collection in this trade center
Luke 19:2 = Zacchaeus .. he was chief tax collector
As such a wealthy man, how respected would Zacchaeus have been? = scum of society
Matthew 18:17 = Treat the unrepentant like a pagan or tax collector
Matthew 5:44, 46 = Even the tax collectors love those who love them
= Jewish traitors (collected for Rome), Forced more than required (profit)
Zacchaeus Was A Wee Little Man (Luke 19:3, 4)
How well did Zacchaeus know Jesus?
Luke 19:3 = He didn't, He wanted to see who Jesus was
What problems did Zacchaeus have to be able to see Jesus?
Luke 19:3 = Being short, he couldn't see over the crowd
How earnestly did Zacchaeus want to see Jesus?
Leviticus 22:3 = Unclean are to stay away from the Lord, TCs considered unclean
Luke 19:4 = He ran ahead and climbed a tree, unbecoming for chief publican
Sycamore-fig = Inferior to ordinary fig, Widespread low branches, Along roads for shade
What promise had God made that fit Zacchaeus' situation?
Deuteronomy 4:29 = You'll find God if you look for Him with all your heart & soul
The Savior's Call (Luke 19:5)
Was Zacchaeus able to see this Jesus like he so eagerly wanted?
Luke 19:5 = Yes, and much moreso; He not only saw Jesus, Jesus saw him
Isn't it amazing that Jesus called Zacchaeus by name?
John 10:2-3, 14 = Jesus is the Great Shepherd who calls His own sheep by name
Was Jesus' call to Zacchaeus just for him or also for us?
Revelation 3:20 = If anyone hears my voice & opens the door, I will come in
What does Jesus' call of Zacchaeus tell us about His call to us?
Gracious = He might have passed by (verse 1)
Personal = He called Zacchaeus by name
Urgent = He told him to come down immediately
Humbling = He told him to come down
Affectionate = Stay at your house (friendly)
Assuring = I must
Effective = He came down at once
Zac's Answer to the Call (Luke 19:6, 8, 9)
How did Zacchaeus respond to Jesus' call?
Luke 19:6 = Enthusiastically - He came down at once, welcomed Him gladly
Did Jesus expect this kind of welcome?
John 10:4 = Yes, His sheep follow Him because they know His voice
Did Jesus' call really change Zacchaeus' life?
Luke 19:8 = Yes, showed faith by giving half to poor, pay back wrong 4 times
What example of giving to the poor had been commanded on Mount Sinai?
Exodus 23:10-11 = Leave ground fallow on 7th year & let poor glean food from it
What was the command for making restitution for wrongs against another?
Numbers 5:6-7 = Repay wrong plus a fifth (120%)
What class of crime did Zacchaeus accept by paying back four times?
Exodus 22:1 = Theft, Pay back 4 sheep for one stolen sheep
How did Jesus respond to Zacchaeus' comment?
Luke 19:9 = Announced that Zacchaeus has received salvation
Was Zacchaeus saved because he gave to the poor and made amends for his cheating?
Luke 18:18-22 = To earn salvation requires perfect lifetime obedience & giving all
Why was Zacchaeus saved?
Luke 7:48, 50 = Your sins are forgiven...your faith has saved you.
Why did Jesus say Zacchaeus was saved because he was a son of Abraham?
Galatians 3:29 = If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, & heirs...
The Walls of Jericho (Luke 19:8-9)
Known as the oldest walled town in the world = First settled before 9600 BC
Walls built by 8000 BC = 6000 yrs before Abraham
Where were the Israelites when their wanderings officially ended and their calling began?
Joshua 5:10-12 = Camped by Jericho; Jesus ended travels & began calling
Where did the Israelites first receive part of the Promised Land after crossing the Jordan?
Joshua 6:1-2, 20-21 = Jericho; Zac 1st got promised land, devoted goods to Lord
Note: Archaeologists in 1930s found double walls (12 & 6 ft thick) violently destroyed
Layers of ash & volumes of charred grain confirm destruction recorded in Joshua
What caused the walls of Jericho to tumble down?
Hebrews 11:30 = Faith of the people
What caused the walls of Zacchaeus' sinfulness & greed to tumble down?
Luke 19:8-9 = Repentance and faith
Zacchaeus the Pure (Luke 19:7)
Zacchaeus is Greek form of Hebrew word for pure = Greek is Zakchaios, Hebrew is zakkay
How pure was Zacchaeus in the eyes of those who felt they knew about righteousness?
Luke 18:11 = Tax collectors were as impure as you could get
How did the people of Jericho feel about Jesus' outreach to Zacchaeus?
Luke 19:7 = They felt it was wrong for Him to fellowship with a Sinner
How does Zacchaeus' name become fitting when he is chosen by Jesus?
Ephesians 1:4-7 = Chose us to be holy & blameless by redemption thru His blood
Come to Seek and Save the Lost (Luke 19:10)
Shouldn't Jesus have gone to stay with a church leader or scholar instead of a chief sinner?
Luke 19:10 = The Son of Man came to seek and to save what was lost
What kinds of people does God count as lost sinners?
Psalm 14:2-3 = All have turned aside...there is no one who does good...
Were there other examples where Jesus sought out sinners as great as tax collectors?
Luke 5:27-28 = He called Levi (Matthew) from his tax booth to be an apostle
How did the church leaders and scholars respond to Jesus' fellowship with this sinner?
Luke 5:29-30 = They complained that it was wrong
How did Jesus respond to their complaints?
Luke 5:31-32 = I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance
How long had Jesus' mission to save lost sinners been revealed?
Matthew 1:21 = Angel told Joseph that Jesus will save his people from their sins
The Great Banquet (Luke 14:16-24)
What parable did Jesus tell to explain why He was called to seek the sinners?
Luke 14:16-17 = A man invited many guests to the banquet (kingdom of heaven)
How did the chosen reply to the invitation?
Luke 14:18-20 = Made excuses for not coming (church leaders & scholars)
What did the host do to fill his banquet hall?
Luke 14:21-24 = Invited those who didn't appear to be worthy
What other parables did Jesus speak to point out His calling to save the lost?
Luke 15:3-7 = The Parable of the Lost Sheep
Luke 15:8-10 = The Parable of the Lost Coin
Luke 15:11-32 = The Parable of the Lost Son (Prodigal Son, Forgiving Father)
Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen
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