Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults

Jesus in Gethsemane

Mark 5:21-42 (Matthew 26:30-56)

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - Jesus Before the High Priest (Matthew 26:57-68; John 18:12-14, 19-24)
    Curriculum for Spring Quarter (Begins next week) - Jesus' Passion

Opening Prayer

Jesus' Last Day Approaches (Matthew 21)
    How did Jesus begin His last week in Jerusalem?
      Matthew 21:1, 6-11 = Welcomed with great fanfare on Palm Sunday
    How did the Jewish leaders react to Jesus' wise teachings in the temple?
      Matthew 21: 23, 45-46 = They were offended and looked for a way to arrest Him
    Were all of the Jewish leaders upset with Jesus?
      John 12:42 = No, some believed in Him
    Why wouldn't they stand up for Jesus?
      John 12:43 = They loved praise from men more than praise from God

Traps for Jesus (Matthew 22)
    How did the Jewish leaders plan to arrest Jesus despite His popularity as a prophet?
      Matthew 22:15 = They tried to trap & discredit Him with His own words
    What are some examples of traps set by the Jewish leaders?
      Matthew 22:16-17 = Pharisees & Herodians asked - pay taxes or give to God?
      Matthew 22:23, 28 = Sadducees asked difficult question to disprove resurrection
      Matthew 22:34-36 = Pharisees asked Jesus to pick the greatest commandment
    How did Jesus put an end to their fruitless efforts?
      Matthew 22:41-46 = Asked a question about the Messiah they couldn't answer

Plans of the Jewish Leaders (Matthew 26:1-16)
    How did the Jewish leaders' plans for Jesus change after being unable to trap Him?
      Matthew 26:3-4 = Plotted to make a surprise arrest and to kill Jesus
    Why didn't they carry out their plan immediately?
      Matthew 26:5 = Didn't want a riot with so many people in town for the Passover
    Did Jesus know what was going to happen and when?
      Matthew 26:1-2 = Yes. Crucified, not murdered. During Passover, not after.

    How did the leaders get some unexpected help?
      Matthew 26:14-16 = Judas Iscariot (Jesus' treasurer) agreed to turn Jesus over
    What may have influenced Judas' financial decision to betray Jesus? = John 12:4-6 - Judas
      Matthew 26:6-12 = Judas realized that Jesus wasn't the political savior he hoped
    What was significant about the price Judas was paid for giving Jesus to be killed?
      Exodus 21:32 = 30 silver coins was price if a servant was killed

Judas Uncovered (Matthew 26:20-25; John 13:23-30)
    Did Jesus know what Judas was planning to do?
      Matthew 26:20-21 = Yes, He told his disciples that one of them would betray Him
    Did they begin to accuse each other or guess who it might be?
      Matthew 26:22 = No, each one wondered if it might be him (weak faiths)
    How did Jesus identify the betrayer? = John reclined at Jesus' right (leaned back)
      John 13:23-26 = By handing the dipped bread to Judas

    During Passover ritual, master of feast would take a flat cake of unleavened bread
      After adding pieces of lamb & bitter herbs, he'd roll it and dip it onto a bitter sauce
      Beginning with the most honored guest, he'd repeat until he gave one to everyone
    The lamb anticipated God's Lamb which would bring salvation to sinners
      By accepting the bread a guest acknowledged his sin & welcomed forgiveness
    Did Judas accept Jesus' forgiveness when it was offered?
      John 13:27-30 = No, Satan entered into him and he left to do his job
    What comment did Jesus have about the one who would betray Him?
      Matthew 26:23-24 = It would be better for him if he had not been born

Loyalty of the Other Eleven (Matthew 26:31-35)
    Could the others be proud of their loyalty now that they knew they wouldn't betray Jesus?
      Matthew 26:31-32 = No, Jesus said they would all fall away (fulfill Zech 13:7)
    Who was overly self-confident in the faith he had built up himself?
      Matthew 26:33-34 = Peter claimed he had a stronger faith than all the others
    How strong did Peter say his faith and loyalty was?
      Matthew 26:35 = He would even die for Jesus; the others said the same
    What was wrong about the disciples boasting of their strong faith?
      Ephesians 2:8 = Faith comes from God, not from ourselves

A Man of Sorrows (Matthew 26:36-39; Isaiah 53)
    After sharing His Last Supper with His disciples, where did Jesus take them and why?
      Matthew 26:30, 36 = To pray in Gethsemane (olive press) Garden on Mt of Olives
    How did Jesus feel about His impending suffering and the desertion of His disciples?
      Matthew 26:37-38 = Revealed His deep sorrow to PJ&J (other 8 stopped earlier)
    How were Jesus' feelings similar to those of His ancestor King David?
      Psalm 55:1-4 = My heart is in anguish within me; the terrors of death assail me

    How else was Jesus like David in looking for relief from His sorrow?
      Matthew 26:39 = He turned to God in prayer
    What was the cause of His suffering?
      Isaiah 53:3-5 = Weighed down in sorrow by the burden of our sins
    How deeply troubled was Jesus? = hematidrosis - blood & sweat mingled in extreme agony
      Luke 22:44 = His sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground

Not My Will, But Yours (Matthew 26:42, 44)
    For what did Jesus pray?
      Matthew 26:42, 44 = 3 times for cup to be taken from Him if within Father's will
    Would it be the Father's will to take this cup from Jesus?
      Isaiah 53:10-11 = No, It was the Lord's will to crush Him & cause Him to suffer
    How did the Father help Jesus through this time?
      Luke 22:43 = Sent an angel to strengthen Him

    Did Jesus have a choice of whether to accept His cup or not?
      John 10:17-18 = I lay it down of my own accord
    What did Jesus' prayer show about Him?
      Psalm 40:8 = His perfect obedience and desire to do the Father's will
    How does this relate to our own lives?
      Philippians 2:5-8 = Same attitude as Jesus - servant, humbled, obedient to death
    How was Jesus' submission and obedience critical for us?
      Hebrews 5:7-9 = Through them He became the source of eternal salvation

The Faithful and Vigilant Disciples (Matthew 26:40-46)
    Did the disciples understand the grief that Jesus was experiencing and its cause?
      Matthew 26:40, 43 = No, they relaxed and slept
    How did Jesus use their lack of vigilance to warn them of upcoming temptations?
      Matthew 26:41 = Watch and pray that you will not fall into temptation
    What temptation was Jesus warning His disciples about?
      Isaiah 53:6 = Deserting and betraying Jesus
    Did the disciples remain vigilant after Jesus' warning?
      Matthew 26:45-46 = No, went back to sleep; Jesus woke them before Judas came

Betrayed with a Kiss (Matthew 26:47-50)
    How long did they have to wait for Judas after Jesus predicted the coming of His betrayer?
      Matthew 26:47 = While He was still speaking
    How did Judas know where to find Jesus?
      John 18:2 = Jesus frequently went to Gethsemane to pray
    Without photographs, how would the "temple police" know which man to arrest?
      Matthew 26:48-49 = Judas identified Jesus with a kiss, a normal form of greeting

Resisting Arrest (John 18:7-9)
    How much resistance did Jesus offer to those trying to arrest Him?
      John 18:7-9 = None, He told them to let the others go
    What other prophesy did Jesus' response fulfill?
      Isaiah 53:7 = Led like a lamb to the slaughter...did not open His mouth - in defense

I'll Save You (Matthew 26:51-56)
    Who impetuously seized the opportunity to show Jesus his strong support?
      John 18:10 = Peter defended Jesus by cutting off a servant's ear with a sword
    Why did Peter have the sword? = A small ceremonial sword to prepare the Passover lamb
      Luke 22:36-38 = Jesus told the disciples to bring one to fulfill Isaiah 53:12
    How did Jesus thank Peter for defending Him?
      Matthew 26:52-54 = He didn't, He scolded Peter for interfering with God's plan
    What about the poor servant with the missing ear?
      Luke 22:51 = Jesus touched the man's ear and healed him

    What did Jesus have to say to those arresting Him?
      Matthew 26:55-56a = Why use force to arrest me? Why not in the temple?
    What prophesy of Jesus was fulfilled at the end of this story?
      Matthew 26:56b = Then all the disciples deserted Him and fled

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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