Bible Stories for Adults
Jesus Before the High Priest
Matthew 26:57-68; John 18:12-14, 19-24
Welcome and Announcements
Next Week - Peter Denies Jesus (Matthew 26:69-75; John 18:15-18, 25-27)
Bible Words to Remember:
You do not realize that it is better for you that one man die for the people than that the whole nation perish. John 11:50
Jerusalem Attitudes Towards Jesus (John 12:12-19, 37-43)
How did people in Jerusalem feel about the Galilean rabbi who came to celebrate Passover?
What event preceding Jesus' arrival helped His fame spread in Jerusalem?
How did the Jewish leaders in Jerusalem feel about Jesus' popularity?
Why didn't the Jewish leaders believe in Jesus even after seeing His miraculous signs?
Certainly a few leaders believed. Did any of them try to convince the others?
Better That One Man Die for the People (John 11:47-53)
Were the Jewish leaders afraid that Jesus would upset God and bring His wrath?
What did the leader of the Sadducees say in selfishness that prophesied of Jesus' purpose?
How could Caiaphas coincidentally say something so pointing?
Did John feel anything needed to be added to Caiaphas' prophesy for the Jewish nation?
Did anything result from this meeting of the Sanhedrin?
We've Got Him! (John 18:1-12)
How were the Jewish leaders finally able to find Jesus without having a crowd around?
Was Jesus expecting them?
Knowing what lay ahead for Him, what was Jesus most concerned about?
Since Jesus was so cooperative, did the soldiers just ask Jesus to come with them?
Annas, the High Priest Emeritus (John 18:12-14)
Where did the temple police take Jesus?
Annas - High priest from 6 to 15 AD
Considered by Jews as true high priest since appointment was for life by Jewish law
Found it more profitable to direct the high priest than to be the high priest
Had Romans appoint his 5 sons, a son-in-law (Caiaphas) & a grandson as HP
Extremely wealthy - Owned famous Bazaars of Annas
Lived in the palace of the high priest - large building with central courtyard
Had monopoly on sale of sacrifice animals & on stalls for moneychangers
Jesus' cleansing of the temple would have been seen as a threat to Annas
Given great power by Romans because he gave money to key Roman leaders
Would Annas have any trouble getting his son-in-law to get rid of this Jesus?
Preliminary Hearing Before Annas (John 18:19-24)
What kind of information did Annas want from Jesus?
What secret ideas did Jesus reveal to Annas?
What was significant about Jesus' response?
Isaiah 45:19; 48:16
How did the Jewish leaders feel about Jesus standing up for His truth before Annas?
How did Jesus use this violent action to further demonstrate His truth?
What did Annas do when it became obvious that Jesus was too wise for Him to handle?
The Waiting Room (Luke 22:63-65)
How did Jesus and His guards pass time while waiting for the Sanhedrin to be gathered?
What passion prophesy did this begin to fulfill?
The Sanhedrin - The highest leadership council of the Jews
70 select leaders (chief priests, scribes & elders) plus high priest appointed for life
Given civil powers from Rome; Final court of appeal for Mosaic law
Power to execute until 30AD; Death sentence then needed Roman okay
Witnesses (Matthew 26:57-61)
Would Jesus find justice and protection of the innocent before the Sanhedrin?
Matthew 26:57, 59
Couldn't the Sanhedrin make any ruling they wanted? What kind of evidence did they need?
As active as Jesus had been, how many sets of witnesses came forward with stories?
By pushing hard for anything that could convict Jesus, what commandment did they break?
Was the Sanhedrin ever able to find two people who would agree on incriminating evidence?
Had Jesus made such a threat?
Was Jesus even speaking of the same temple?
Had the Jewish leaders just misunderstood what Jesus had said?
Let's Try This (Matthew 26:62-64)
Knowing that the leaders really understood what He had said, how did Jesus respond?
What prophesy did Jesus' response begin to fulfill?
Realizing this twisted evidence couldn't hold up before the Romans, what did Caiaphas try?
What was the purpose of Caiaphas saying, I charge you under oath by the living God?
How did Jesus point out that they already knew and had rejected His answer?
How did Jesus then answer Caiaphas' question even deeper than they expected?
Guilty! (Matthew 26:65-68)
How did the Sanhedrin react to Jesus' reply?
How serious was a charge of blaspheme by calling one's self God?
How did Caiaphas show he was trying to convict Jesus rather than keep God's Law?
Was a death sentence enough to satisfy the anger of the Jewish leaders?
The Next Step (Matthew 27:1-2)
After finding Jesus guilty of blasphemy, what was the next step to have Him executed?
Will pick up the story here in two weeks
The Illegal Trial (Matthew 26, Mark 14, Luke 22, John 18)
Innocent until proven guilty?
Religious leaders carefully screen witnesses to ensure justice
Capital cases must begin with reasons for acquittal
In capital cases, all can argue for acquittal but not all can argue for conviction
Capital trials must be held in the daytime and verdicts reached in the daytime
Capital verdicts for acquittal could come the same day, conviction not until the next day
Mark 14:64; 15:1
Serious charges are to be tried only in the Sanhedrin's regular temple meeting place
Defendants are not required to incriminate themselves
Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen
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