Bible Stories for Adults
Jesus Is Crucified and Buried
Matthew 27:32-66; Luke 23:32-56; John 19:17-42
Welcome and Announcements
Next Week - Jesus Appears to Women & Two Disciples (Matthew 28:1-15; Luke 24:13-35)
Bible Words to Remember:
Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us, for it is written: "Cursed is everyone who is hung on a tree." Galatians 3:13
The Guilty King (Luke 23:1-24)
What did the Jewish leaders want to do about Jesus and why?
John 11:47-50, 53
What crime did Jesus commit that gave the leaders an excuse to arrest and execute Him?
What crime did they finally charge Jesus with?
Did the governor agree that Jesus was a threat and should be punished?
Did Pilate easily give in to the Jews when they didn't accept his offer?
Why did Pilate give in? Because he finally saw Jesus as a threat to Caesar?
The Condemned King (John 19:19-22; Matthew 27:27-31)
What did Pilate post as Jesus' crime?
Did anyone have any trouble with this sign?
After letting in to the Jews by executing Jesus, did Pilate again let in and change the sign?
Now that He was guilty of being a king, how was Jesus treated like a king?
How did the soldiers show their allegiance to Rome and against one who would be king?
The King's Procession to Calvary (John 19:17-18)
Crucifixions began with a procession of the criminals along The Way of Sorrows (Via Dolorosa)
Wound through town as a regular reminder and deterrent to others
Soldiers in front of each criminal carried a sign identifying the crime
Led to The Place of the Skull - Golgotha (Aramaic), Kranion (Greek), Calvaria (Latin)
Shape of a skull, only 18 feet high - No such thing as Mount Calvary
The condemned would have first been beaten and then would carry his own cross
Helped weaken the body to speed death (Could take days for a man to die)
Did Jesus' crucifixion begin any differently since He was a special case?
Being fully God, was Jesus able to stand up to His beatings with super-human strength?
Did Simon's experience have any impact on him?
The King's Subjects (Luke 23:26-31)
Did any of Jesus' followers follow His procession to Calvary?
Did Jesus take comfort in their concern for Him?
Why did Jesus quote Hosea 10:8 and say these women should wish they were childless?
What did Jesus mean about green and dry trees (Ezekiel 20:47)?
John 18:38; 19:16
Crucifixion was most disgraceful and cruelest form of execution
Reserved for escaped slaves and worst criminals, never on a Roman citizen
Four or five different crosses were used: t, T, +, X and square (Jesus was on t or T)
Person laid on cross on ground and nailed &/or tied by hands & feet to cross
Clothes were removed and given to guards for their services
Jews allowed to wear loincloth for decency sake
Cross was raised and person hung by arms, Feet only 1-2 feet above the ground
A wooden or iron stake served as a seat to keep nails from ripping through hands
When a person is hung by the hands, blood sinks to lower parts of body
Wine drugged with gall (bitter & poisonous herb) offered to sedate and reduce pain
Within 6-12 minutes, blood pressure drops in half and pulse rate doubles
Crucified people would die within 2-3 days by heart failure
Crucifixion was sometimes sped up by breaking legs or building a fire (suffocation)
The King is Crucified (Luke 23:32-34)
Was a separate procession held for each criminal or were they brought to Calvary together?
Did Jesus get any of the pain-killing mixture to make it easier to take the world's punishment?
How did Jesus feel towards the soldiers who had beat and crucified Him?
Did the soldiers get Jesus' clothes or did one of His followers take them?
What did they do with Jesus' nice undergarment and why was this significant?
The King is Mocked (Matthew 27:39-44)
What kind of sympathy did Jesus get from people who passed by and recognized Him?
Did the Jewish leaders have any second thoughts that Jesus could really be the Son of God?
Who else made a point of mocking this "self-proclaimed" king?
Was there anyone else who felt that Jesus should be insulted for His horrible crime?
The Robber Looks to the King (Luke 23:39-43)
How did one of the robbers being crucified stand up for Jesus?
How did this robber show a surprising understanding of who Jesus really was?
After a life of crime, was this dying confession of faith too late?
The King's Family (John 19:25-27)
Who do the Gospels say witnessed Jesus' execution?
Did Jesus look for comforting sympathy from these caring faces?
Could imply that Jesus was cousin to James & John (Zebedee & Salome)
The King Sings a Song of King David (Matthew 27:45-49)
What time was it when Jesus was crucified?
What happened after Jesus had been on the cross three hours?
How did Jesus break the darkness at 3:00?
What was Jesus saying?
What did those who didn't understand Aramaic think He said?
The King Dies (John 19:28-29)
David's Psalm 22 describes Jesus' passion. How did Jesus fulfill the dry mouth in verse 15?
What kind of drink was He given?
What did Jesus say after He took the drink?
What final words did Jesus speak before dying?
The World Reacts (Matthew 27:50-54)
What happened the moment Jesus died?
What impact did this have on people who saw this happen?
None of the King's Bones are Broken (John 19:31-36)
The Jews had been in a rush to kill Jesus before Passover. What hurried them now?
Besides the special Passover Sabbath, why else was it important to get the bodies down?
What happened when the soldiers came to break the legs and who witnessed it?
Why was it important that Jesus' legs weren't broken?
John 19:36 (Psalm 34:20, Zechariah 12:10)
What other important point is made by the fact that none of Jesus' bones were broken?
Exodus 12:43-47; Numbers 9:9-12
The King is Buried (John 19:38-42)
Who took charge of burying Jesus' body?
What else do we know about Joseph?
How did Pilate respond to Joseph's request?
Did anyone else help Joseph?
John 19:38-39 (John 3:1-21)
What did they do with Jesus' body?
How was Joseph able to find an unused tomb on such short notice?
The King's Women Add Their Spices (Luke 23:55-56)
If Joseph and Nicodemus were alone, how did the disciples know where Jesus was buried?
Why didn't the women add their spices to Jesus' body the next day?
Where were Jesus' apostles during all of this?
The Dead King's Guard (Matthew 27:62-66)
Did the Jewish leaders refrain from work on the Sabbath or was there business to conduct?
Did Pilate agree and personally take care of getting the tomb secure?
Did the leaders ask Pilate to do it so they wouldn't have to work on the Sabbath?
The seal was a cord stretched across the stone & secured with clay on each side
Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen
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