Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults

Jesus Ascends into Heaven

Luke 24:44-53; Acts 1:1-11

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - Jesus Will Come Again (Matthew 25:31-46)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. When He, the Spirit of truth, comes, He will guide you into all truth. John 16:7, 13

Opening Prayer

Jesus' Appearances on Easter Sunday (Mark 16:9-14)
    Who did Jesus first appear to after He rose?
      Mark 16:9-11 = Mary of Magdala, she told apostles, they didn't believe her
    Who saw Jesus next?
      Matthew 28:8-10 = The other women
    Who was next?
      Luke 24:34 = Simon (Peter) - Also 1 Cor 15:5
    Then who?
      Mark 16:12-13 = Two disciples on road to Emmaus, Apostles didn't believe

    Who did He appear to next (still on Easter Sunday) that helped get rid of the apostles' doubt?
      Mark 16:14 = The apostles themselves, He rebuked them for disbelief
    What appearance did Jesus make next to satisfy another doubter?
      John 20:24-26 = The apostles again, but with Thomas - a week later

Jesus' Appearances Over the Next Few Weeks (1 Corinthians 15:5-7)
    Where were the apostles to go next to meet up with Jesus?
      Mark 16:7 = To Galilee
    Did the apostles recognize Jesus when He appeared to them there?
      John 21:1, 3-8, 13-14 = Not at first, they did after he led them to catch lots of fish
    What important thing did Jesus do at this time?
      John 21:15-17 = Reinstated Peter - 3 confessions in response to 3 denials

    Did Jesus appear to the apostles any other times while they were in Galilee?
      Matthew 28:16-17 = Yes, on a mountain where He told them to go
    Was anyone else with the apostles on this mountain?
      1 Corinthians 15:6 = Appeared to over 500 disciples - either on mountain or later

    What other appearances did Jesus make?
      1 Corinthians 15:7 = To James, then to apostles, then last of all to Paul
    When did the resurrected Jesus ever appear to Paul?
      Acts 9:3-5 = On the road to Damascus, Saul was on his way to arrest Christians
    Why did Jesus make this special appearance to Saul?
      Acts 22:12, 14-15, 21 = To be His special witness to the Gentiles
    How long did Jesus remain on earth before ascending?
      Acts 1:3 = 40 days (40 - generation)

Appearances on Record (John 20:30-31)
    Are these all of the appearances Jesus made?
      John 20:30 = Many may not be recorded
    Why do we have the stories about Jesus we have and not any others?
      John 20:31; 21:25 = Key ones selected so you may believe, others too numerous

    Why did Matthew, Mark and Luke write their gospels? = Same reason
      Luke 1:1-4 = So that you may know the certainty of the things you've been taught
    What scope did they try to cover to accomplish this goal?
      Acts 1:1-2 = From when Jesus began to teach until His ascension

Prophesy Fulfilled (Luke 24:44-49)
    What reason other than giving proof of His resurrection did Jesus appear to people?
      Luke 24:44-45 = Make it clear that He was the Messiah prophesied in the Scriptures
    How did the previous few weeks help show this fulfillment?
      Luke 24:46 = Scripture said the Messiah would suffer, die & rise on the third day
    How would the coming weeks and years also show this fulfillment? = Begin in Jerusalem
      Luke 24:47-48 = Jesus' witnesses would take His good news (gospel) to the world
    When would this begin?
      Luke 24:49 = After the apostles receive the promised power of the Spirit

Wait For the Spirit (Acts 1:4-8)
    Were the apostles to immediately begin witnessing on their own?
      Acts 1:4 = No, they should wait in Jerusalem for the Spirit (Spirit witnesses thru us)
    How long would they have to wait and how would they know it was time?
      Acts 1:5 = A few days; They'd be baptized, not with water, but filled with the Spirit
    After the risen Jesus opened their minds to the Scripture, did the apostles finally understand?
      Acts 1:6 = No, they asked if Jesus would finally take Israel back from the Romans
    How did Jesus reply to such an ignorant and mindless question?
      Acts 1:7 = There are some things you just won't understand until the Father's time
    Would they ever understand the answer to this and their many other "dumb" questions?
      Acts 1:8 = Yes, when the Holy Spirit comes to them; They'll then reveal to others

The Counselor (John 14, 16)
    How would they understand these things just by the coming of the Spirit?
      John 16:12-14 = The Spirit of truth ... will guide you into all truth
    Why couldn't the Spirit explain these things to the apostles while Jesus was with them?
      John 16:5-7 = Jesus must return to the Father before the Spirit is sent
    Would the Spirit lead the whole world to understanding?
      John 14:16-17 = No, the evil world will not see or know the Spirit, Will live in you

Final Instructions (Matthew 28:18-20, Mark 16:15-16)
    What important statement does Jesus make before giving final instructions to the apostles?
      Matthew 28:18 = He was given all authority and His instructions would be supreme
    What final instructions did He then give to the leaders of His body, the Church?
      Matthew 28:19-20a = The Great Commission - Go and make disciples

    How was this calling to go and make disciples different than the apostles' calling to date?
      Matthew 10:1, 5-6 = They were only to go to the Jews while Jesus was on earth
    What are the limits of the people to whom the Church is to tell about Jesus' good news?
      Mark 16:15 = No limits, All people in all of God's creation

    How was this calling to baptize different than the baptism that had been given before?
      Acts 19:1-7 = John baptized to prepare the way, Jesus baptized of the Holy Spirit
    Would John have agreed with this understanding?
      Luke 3:16 = John said, "I baptize with water. He will baptize with the Holy Spirit."
    What is so important about baptizing those who believe the good news of Jesus?
      Mark 16:16 = Salvation is for those who believe and join God's chosen family

    What did Jesus tell His apostles to do with people who became disciples and were baptized?
      Acts 2:42 = Teach them and build them in spiritual maturity

Power to Fulfill the Command (Matthew 28:20, Mark 16:17-18)
    How would the apostles be able to accept this great responsibility to evangelize the world?
      Matthew 28:20b = Jesus will always be with us, We don't do this job alone
    How strong are the powers that Jesus gives us to accomplish this task?
      Mark 16:17-18 = Stronger than demons, language barriers, snakes, poison, sickness

Jesus Ascends (Luke 24:50-51, Acts 1:9)
    What did Jesus do after giving these final instructions?
      Luke 24:50-51 = He blessed the apostles and left them
    How did He leave them?
      Acts 1:9 = He was taken up into heaven, apostles lost sight of Him in a cloud

    Had anything like this ever happened before?
      2 Kings 2:11 = Elijah was taken alive to heaven
    What was the significance of Jesus disappearing in a cloud?
      Exodus 13:21-22 = The Lord appeared to the Israelites in a cloud
    How else was Jesus' ascension different than Elijah's?
      1 Timothy 3:16 = Jesus was taken up in glory
    What kind of glory is this?
      John 17:4-5 = The glory of God - Jesus had before He humbled Himself as a man

At The Right Hand (Mark 16:19)
    Where did Jesus go when He ascended into heaven?
      Mark 16:19 = To sit at the right hand of God
    What is important about this?
      Hebrews 1:3-4 = Jesus is above all things, even the angels
    Why is it important that Jesus be exalted and given the name above all names?
      Philippians 2:9-11 = So everyone in heaven & earth will confess that Jesus is Lord
    What does Jesus promise to do on His throne in heaven?
      Matthew 25:31-34, 41, 46 = Separate His sheep from Satan's goats for eternity

He'll Be Back (Acts 1:10-11)
    What happened as the apostles watched Jesus ascend into heaven?
      Acts 1:10 = Two angels (messengers) suddenly appeared with them
    What message did the messengers have?
      Acts 1:11 = Jesus will come back the same way He just left

Evangelists in Waiting
    Where had all of this taken place?
      Acts 1:12 = Mount of Olives, Where Jesus went to speak with the Father
    What did the apostles do when they returned to Jerusalem?
      Acts 1:13a, 14 = They went back to their room, joined constantly in prayer
    With Jesus gone, did they stay behind locked doors in fear?
      Luke 24:52-53 = No, they had great joy and praised God in the temple
    Did they fulfill their command to go and did Jesus keep His promise to be with them?
      Mark 16:20 = Yes, they preached everywhere & the Lord worked with them

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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