Bible Stories for Adults
God Makes a Covenant with Abram
Genesis 12:1-3; 15:1-21; Hebrews 11:8
Welcome and Announcements
Next Week - Jacob Blesses Judah (Genesis 49:8-12)
Bible Words to Remember:
If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. Galatians 3:29
Father of the Jews? (Galatians 3)
Who did the Jews consider as their father?
Joshua 24:3 = Abraham
What, if any, relationship do Christians have with Abraham?
Galatians 3:6-7 = Abraham is our father
Why is it important that we are officially considered as children of Abraham?
Galatians 3:26-29 = As children of Abraham, we are heirs to the promise
What does it means to be heirs of Abraham's promise?
Galatians 3:10-14 = Christ took our curse so we could receive A's blessing by faith
Abram's Family Tree (Genesis 11:27-32)
Who were the members of Abram's family?
Genesis 11:27-29 = Complete Family Tree on board (except Sarai-Terah line)
How was Abram related to Sarai other than marriage?
Genesis 20:12 = His half-sister, Complete Tree
Did this family stay in Ur of the Chaldeans?
Genesis 11:31-32 = Terah, Abram, Lot & Sarai left Ur for Canaan & settled in Haran
Ur = Center of Sumer, 1st great civilization. Modern, wealthy, advanced city
Haran = 600 miles from Ur, Different Hebrew spelling than Abram's brother
The Call (Genesis 12:1-3)
Did God want this family to stay in Haran?
Genesis 12:1 = No, God told Abram to leave everything he knew & follow Him
What did God promise Abram in response for his obedience? = Make name great
Genesis 12:2-3 = I will bless you...so you will be a blessing...all the peoples of the earth
How were all nations blessed through Abram?
Matthew 1:1, 17 = Jesus descended from David, who descended from Abraham
Was Abram selected because he was righteous or devout?
Galatians 3:8-9 = We are blessed with righteousness through faith
Joshua 24:2 = No, his family worshipped idols
Abram's Response (Genesis 12:4-6)
What was Abram's response to God's call?
Genesis 12:4 = Abram left, 75 yrs old
How was he able to leave everything he knew at such an old age?
Hebrews 11:8-10 = By faith A obeyed & went, tho he didn't know where he was going
What questions, explanations and details did Abram ask of God?
Genesis 12:5-6 = None (Not Where, When, How or Why), He just obeyed
Another Promise (Genesis 12:7-8)
What new promise did God give after Abram obeyed His first command?
Genesis 12:7a = Promise of land of Canaan to Abram's offspring
Why was offspring a significant part of God's promise?
Genesis 11:30 = Sarai was barren (Gen 12:4 - Abram was 75 yrs old)
How could someone so old become a father?
Hebrews 11:11-12 = By faith Abraham became the father of multitudes
Was it any easier for Abraham to have this faith than for us?
Romans 4:18-22 = No, he had hope and faith against all hope, tho as good as dead
Was God giving this land to Abram at this time?
Acts 7:5 = Abram had no land, God promised to descendants although Abram had no kids
How did Abram show his faithfulness to God?
Genesis 12:7b-8 = Built altars
Promises to Abraham (Genesis 12-25)
What promises did God make to Abram when He called him? = Write on board
Genesis 12:2-3 = great nation, bless you, name great, be a blessing, all blessed thru you
What was Abraham's responsibility under this agreement? = Separate column
Genesis 12:1 = Leave & follow God
What did God promise after Abram let Lot choose his land? = Add to board
Genesis 13:14-16 = All visible land, offspring like dust of the earth
What did God promise Abram after he rescued Lot and gave a tithe? (Gen 14) = Add to board
Genesis 15:1 = I am your shield (protect you) & great reward (bless you)
Genesis 15:12-16 = Descendants will be slaves 400 years but will return with great wealth
Genesis 15:18 = Land from Brook of Egypt (Wadi, SW of Gaza) to Euphrates
What promise did God make the year before Isaac was born, when Abram was 99 years old?
Genesis 17:6-8 = Father of many nations & kings, eternal covenant, all Canaan
What promise did God make to Abraham after he obeyed the command to sacrifice Isaac?
Genesis 22:16-18 = Desc as stars in sky & sand on seashore; all nations blessed
What did Abraham have to do in order to receive these promises? = Add under second column
Genesis 15:6 = Have faith, believe
Absolute & Unbreakable guarantee of a man's word; Bound two parties together as one
Very serious & solemn - Reserved for only special & critical agreements
Three large animals split down the spine
Halves placed on the ground opposite each other
Parties exchanged coats - exchange of authority, What I have is yours
Trail of blood between the halves was called the Way of Blood
May this happen to me if I break this covenant
Exchanged weapons - My strength is yours, Your enemies are mine
Ate a covenant meal of bread & wine together (Bread for flesh, wine for blood)
Walked twice through the Way of Blood
Met each other in the center
Stated pledges of agreement - the Blessing of the Covenant
Cut hands & wrists - the Cut of the Covenant
Curse for breaking the covenant was pronounced
Parties swore by their god, making him a third party
Bound wrists together to intermingle the blood
Joined names together
Represented willingness to lay down lives for each other
God's Covenant with Abram (Genesis 15)
How did God guarantee his covenant with Abram?
Genesis 15:8-11 = God had Abram prepare a blood covenant
Did both Abram and God walk through the Way of Blood?
Genesis 15:12, 17 = No, only God did; One-sided covenant
What was significant about the smoking firepot and flaming torch?
Exodus 13:21 (Ex 3:2; 19:18; Acts 2:3) = God with Israelites in pillars of cloud & fire
How did God guarantee His covenant with us?
Hebrews 7:22 = Jesus is the guarantee of the better covenant
How did Jesus act as the Way of Blood?
Hebrews 9:12 = not by blood of goats & lambs but by his own blood
God Confirms His Covenant (Genesis 17:1-8)
What did God do around 15 years later to remind Abram of His covenant?
Genesis 17:1-2 = Confirm His covenant, Greatly increase Abram's numbers
Why did God change Abram's name to Abraham? = Right to give name belonged to owner
Genesis 17:3-5 = for I have made you a father of many nations
Abram / Abraham = Mean the (my) father is exalted & father of many
What was Abraham's responsibility under this covenant?
Genesis 17:9-10, 14 = All males circumcised, visible sign reminding Israel of special calling
How long did it take Abraham to complete what God commanded?
Genesis 17:23 = On that very day
Justified by Circumcision? (Romans 4)
Was Abraham justified (deemed righteous) & blessed because of his circumcision?
Romans 4:9-11a = Abraham was righteous by faith, before he was circumcised
Are God's promises to Abraham's descendants only to the Jews (circumcised)?
Romans 4:11b-12 = promises to those of faith, not circumcised
How did Abraham receive the promise? By obeying the law?
Romans 4:13-15 = No. Through the righteousness that comes by faith
How can we be heirs to the promises God made to Abraham?
Romans 4:16-18 = Promise comes by faith; Abraham is father of the faithful in God's sight
How can righteousness be credited to us?
Romans 4:22-25 = Righteousness will be credited to those who trust in Christ
God's Covenant Through Sarah (Genesis 17:15-16)
Why did God change Sarai's name to Sarah? = Name change indicates change point in life
Genesis 17:15-16 = Mother of nations & kings
How did this differ from Abraham's understanding of God's plan?
Sarai / Sarah = Mean Haran moon goddess & princess (royalty would come from her)
Genesis 17:17-18 = He thought God would fulfill promises thru Ishmael
Why did God wait until Abraham & Sarah were old before bringing Isaac? = Isaac - he laughs
Genesis 17:19 = Only possible by God, Ishmael from A taking matters in his own hand
How had God introduced Himself to Abram, and why?
Genesis 17:1 = El Shaddai (God Almighty), total control over nature, inc Sarai's barrenness
What is the significance of circumcision instituted before Isaac?
Jeremiah 32:27 = I am the Lord ... Is anything too hard for me?
Colossians 2:11-12 = Chosen to be cut off from sinful world before covenant child comes
Abram's Family Tree
| +---- Milcah
Terah-------+---- Haran-+---- Iscah
| +---- Lot
+---- Sarai (barren)
Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen
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