Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults

God Chooses Gideon

Judges 6-7

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - God Blesses Ruth (Ruth 1-4)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      If God is for us, who can against us? He who did not spare His own Son, but gave Him up for us all - how will He also, along with Him, graciously give us all things? Romans 8:31-32

Opening Prayer

The Promised Land (Judges 1:27-2:5)
    What did God command of Israel before they crossed the Jordan River into the Promised Land?
      Numbers 33:51-53 = Israel commanded to wipe Canaan clean
    Why was it important for Israel to drive out all the inhabitants of the land?
      Numbers 33:55-56 = They will be barbs in eyes and thorns in your side

    Were the Israelites able to conquer the entire territory under Joshua's leadership?
      Joshua 13:1 = No, there were still large areas to be taken
    What did Joshua tell the Israelites about these unconquered peoples before he died?
      Joshua 23:9-13 = Stay faithful & God will drive them out, make allies & they'll be traps

    Did Israel heed Joshua's warning and continue to drive out the remaining peoples?
      Judges 1:28 (27-36) = The Israelites never drove them out completely
    How does this set the stage for the stories of the Judges?
      Judges 2:1-5 = God punished Israel by leaving the peoples to be snares

Faithfulness (Judges 2:7-13)
    What were Joshua's last words to the Israelites before sending them home?
      Joshua 24:14-15 = Choose today whom you will serve, me & my house will serve Lord
    How did the Israelites respond to Joshua's call?
      Joshua 24:24 = We will serve the Lord our God and obey Him.
    How faithful did the Israelites remain?
      Judges 2:7, 10-13 = They forgot God after a generation, served Baal
    Why did the Israelites continue to fall from God?
      Judges 3:5-6 = Lived among other nations & intermarried & served their gods

Judges (Judges 2)
    How did God handle this?
      Judges 2:14-15 = He punished with raiders & let enemies defeat them
    How did God respond to Israel's cries? = Shophet - director, governor, savior, judge
      Judges 2:16, 18 = He raised up judges to save them
    Did the judges have a lasting effect on Israel's faithfulness?
      Judges 2:19 = After the judge died, they returned to evil & became more corrupt
    What did God decide as a result of this response?
      Judges 2:20-22 = Allow other nations to remain to test Israel

The Cycle of the Book of Judges
    Sin - Judgment - Grace Cycle = Like Israel in wilderness & Genesis 4-11
    Alphabet Cycle:
      Apostasy = Unbelief, Rebellion
      Battered = Beat upon by enemies
      Cry Out = Call to God
      Deliverer = God raises a judge
      Emancipate = Judge frees Israel from oppression
      Forget = Israel forgets what God did & returns to Apostasy

Leadership (Judges 21:25)
    What kind of leadership did Israel have after Joshua?
      Judges 21:25 = In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as he saw fit
    What was the Israelites' opinion of a king?
      Judges 8:22-23 = God is our king, no man can be king
    How tight was the confederacy between tribes?
      Judges 1:3 (1:17, 6:35, 20:1) = Banded together to fight enemies
      Judges 20:35 (5:17, 8:1, 12:1) = Fought with each other

Enemies (Judges 2:11-14)
    Who were Israel's enemies? = Table - Mesopotamia, Moab, Canaan, Midian, Ammon, Philistia
    What was Baal? = Various male gods for places or purposes, Things good when gods had sex
      1 Kings 14:23-24 = Priests & priestesses have sex to encourage gods, Fertility Cult
    Who were the judges? = Local heroes raised by God for specific needs, leadership not inherited
      Exodus 18 = Judges instituted as leaders under Moses (Don't Read)
      Hebrews 11:32-34 = Through faith conquered kingdoms, administered justice ...

Midianites (Judges 6:1-6)
    Who was Israel's oppressor in Judges 6?
      Judges 6:1-2 = Midianites, nomadic tribe from east
    What led to the battle 200 years earlier when the Israelites defeated this people?
      Numbers 22:2-4a (31:7) = Moab & Midian afraid Israel would ravage the land
    How did this group of people now oppress the Israelites?
      Judges 6:3-6 = They ravaged the land like locusts, took all the crops & livestock
    Did the Israelites know why this was happening? = Only prophet during Joshua & Judges
      Judges 6:7-10 = God sent a prophet to tell them to make sure they knew

Gideon (Judges 6:11-24)
    Who did God raise up to save Israel from the Midianites and how was His call accepted?
      Judges 6:12, 14-15 = Gideon said he was too weak (like Moses' excuses)
    What had Gideon been doing when this angel came to him?
      Judges 6:11 = Threshing the little wheat he had while hiding in a winepress
    How did God tell Gideon that he had all the power and might he needed?
      Judges 6:16 = He'd have God's power and presence & would destroy the Midianites
    Did this satisfy Gideon?
      Judges 6:17 = No, he wanted a sign
    What sign was he given?
      Judges 6:19-21 = Fire from rock consumed sacrifice of meat & bread
    Did this convince Gideon that this visitor really was from God?
      Judges 6:22-24 = Yes, he was afraid, built an altar

Jerub-Baal (Judges 6:25-32)
    How did God test Gideon's faithfulness to his calling? = Baal worship was political
      Judges 6:25-26 = Told Gideon that night to destroy dad's Baal altar, Build & sacrifice
    How did Gideon respond to this risky command?
      Judges 6:27 = He did it, but at night so no one would catch him
    How did the town react when they saw what had happened the next morning?
      Judges 6:28-30 = They wanted to lynch Gideon for this horrible attack
    How was Gideon protected and what nickname was he given? = Jerub-Baal - let Baal contend
      Judges 6:31-32 = Father said that if Baal is a god, he can protect himself

Another Sign (Judges 6:33-40)
    How was this town enemy able to round up an army to fight the Midianites?
      Judges 6:33-35 = Midianite threat got locally heavy, Spirit filled Gideon, Called Israel
    How did Gideon show his weak faith and how did God respond? = Fleece wet, ground dry
      Judges 6:36-38 = Asked for a sign, God consented and gave the exact sign
    Did this satisfy Gideon that God was with him? = Ground wet, fleece dry
      Judges 6:39-40 = No, he asked for another sign to make sure it wasn't just nature

The Right Stuff (Judges 7:1-8)
    Why did God reduce Gideon's army from 32,000 to 10,000?
      Judges 7:1-3 = So Israel would know victory was from God, not by man's powers
    Would this remaining 10,000 be enough to defeat the Midianites?
      Judges 7:4 = No, it was still too many
    How were the troops further weeded down and to how many?
      Judges 7:5-8 = Seemingly random method cut down to 300 (<1% of original)
    Were only 300 chosen because there weren't very many Midianites to defeat?
      Judges 7:12 = No, there were more Midianites than could be counted

One More Sign (Judges 7:9-15)
    Did Gideon ask for another sign from God when it came time to fight the Midianites?
      Judges 7:9-11 = No, but God offered one and he took it
    How long did Gideon have to spend in the camp to learn what they were saying?
      Judges 7:13 = Heard immediately as he arrived - only poor & needy ate barley bread
    What did the Midianite's friend believe this dream meant?
      Judges 7:14 = That Gideon would defeat & destroy the Midianites
    How did Gideon respond to this sign?
      Judges 7:15 = He went back to the troops and got them ready for attack

The Attack (Judges 7:16-25)
    What was Gideon's attack plan? = Weapons were trumpets, jars & torches - No sword or attack
      Judges 7:16-18 = Divide into 3 groups, surround camps, blow trumpets and shout
    Did the 300 men follow this strange plan?
      Judges 7:19-21 = Yes, and they didn't budge from their positions
    How could just making some noise at midnight result in defeating the Midianites?
      Judges 7:22-25 = Midianites were confused & turned on each other, Israel pursued

Our Christian Attack (Romans 8:31-32)
    Who are the Midianites that we Christians are to conquer?
      Ephesians 6:10-13 = The powers and spiritual forces of evil
    Gideon attacked at midnight, when darkness reigns. What hour did God attack with Christ?
      Luke 22:53 = this is your hour - when darkness reigns; day went dark at Jesus' death

    What torch do we Christians have to light up this darkness?
      2 Corinthians 4:4 = the light of the gospel
    What jars of clay is this light carried in? = Our bodies are jars of clay (made of dust)
      2 Corinthians 4:6-7, 10 = Christ's light shines in our hearts to be revealed through us

    When will this light within our jars of clay be fully revealed?
      1 Corinthians 15:42-44, 47, 49 = When we die and are raised with heavenly bodies
    When will God's trumpets be sounded?
      Matthew 24:30-31 = When Christ returns
    How will the results of God's final battle be similar to His battle against the Midianites?
      Revelation 20:7-9 = Satan's numbers like sand on seashore, God will destroy
    What lesson should we learn from Gideon as we fight our daily battles?
      Romans 8:31-32 = If God is for us, who can be against us?

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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