Bible Stories for Adults
Jesus Talks with a Rich Young Man
Matthew 19:17-31; Mark 10:17-31; Luke 18:18-30
Welcome and Announcements
Next Week - The Parable of the Foolish Rich Man (Luke 12:13-34)
Bible Words to Remember:
It is easier for a camel to to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God. ... With man this is impossible, but not with God; all things are possible with God. Mark 10:25, 27
If I Were a Rich Man (Mark 10:17)
How does today's story begin?
Matthew 19:16 = A man came to Jesus asking how to get eternal life
What else does Matthew tell us about this man?
Matthew 19:22 = He was young and he was very wealthy
What else do we learn about this man from Luke? = Doesn't say what type of ruler
Luke 18:18 = He was a "ruler" - an important person in the community
Name the Price (Mark 10:17)
What was this man's concern?
Mark 10:17 = He wanted to know what he had to do to get eternal life
How sincere was his concern? = He ran to Jesus and fell on his knees
Mark 10:17 = Running in public was undignified; on knees showed great reverence
How did the man show his respect and belief that Jesus had God's truth on this matter?
Mark 10:17 = He called Him "good teacher" - not a typical title given in those days
Greek for good is agathos - means intrinsic goodness (vs. kalos meaning externally pleasing)
What's Good Enough? (Mark 10:18)
What was wrong about the man's question of what he should do to get eternal life?
Ephesians 2:8-9 = Eternal life is a gift of God, can't earn by doing good
What lesson had Jesus just taught that should have made this clear? = Receive, not earn
EBC: Many Jews believed that a specific act of goodness could win eternal life
Mark 10:13-15 = God's kingdom is a gift given to those who recognize their helplessness
How does Jesus begin to point out the error in the man's understanding?
Mark 10:18 = Pointed out that only God has agathos - intrinsic goodness
Jesus was also giving the man an opportunity to recognize Him as the holy Son of God
Did the Jews understand the perfect goodness of God?
Psalm 106:1 = They praised God for his goodness that endures forever
What level of goodness does God require?
Matthew 5:48 = Perfection, just as He is perfect
How likely are we to be able to meet these requirements?
Romans 3:10-12, 23 = Impossible - all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God
So what is the purpose of God's Law if we cannot follow it to earn our way into heaven?
Romans 3:20-22 = It shows our sin & need for God's righteousness through faith in Jesus
A Checklist (Deuteronomy 5:6-21)
What did the Old Testament teach about what is needed for eternal life?
Deuteronomy 30:15-16 = Love God, walk in His ways, keep His commands, decrees & laws
How did the Jews summarize the many commands, decrees and laws?
Deuteronomy 5:7, 11-12, 16-21 = The Ten Commandments
How are the first three commandments even further summarized? = The First Table
Deuteronomy 6:5 = Love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul and strength
How are the remaining seven commandments summarized? = The Second Table
Leviticus 19:18b = Love your neighbor as yourself
Did the Jews recognize these as valid summaries of the two tables of the Ten Commandments?
Luke 10:25-28 = Yes, an expert in the law summarized it to Jesus this way
Check the Easy Ones First (Mark 10:19)
How did Jesus try to help the man start to see the futility of looking to deeds for eternal life?
Mark 10:19 = He listed the Second Table of commandments (defraud results from coveting)
How does Matthew, writing to Jews, point out that Jesus was referring to the Second Table?
Matthew 19:17-19 = Concludes with "love your neighbor as yourself"
Why does Jesus begin by having the man reflect on the Second Table of the Ten Commandments?
Philippians 3:4a-6 = They were externally visible by others
Put a Check in That Box (Mark 10:20)
How did the man feel about how he measured up to this list?
Mark 10:20 = He felt good that he had met those requirements
Why did he qualify his statement by saying he had obeyed since he was a boy?
Luke 2:42 = At twelve a boy became a man and responsible for living by God's commands
Although most Jews said they obeyed these commands, what kept them from true obedience?
Matthew 5:21-22a, 27-28 = Obedience was internal purity of heart, not external abstinence
One Thing You Lack (Mark 10:21)
How did Jesus show the man that his external obedience to God's commands was inadequate?
Luke 18:22 = He told him to give away everything he had and follow Jesus
How was this pointing the man to evaluate his internal obedience to the First Table?
Luke 16:13 = By doing so he would reveal His love for God exceeded his love for wealth
Which commandment would the man be breaking if he had trouble with Jesus' instruction?
Deuteronomy 5:7 = The first - to have no other gods before God
Why did Jesus pick this test to help the man see his inability to save himself through works?
1 Timothy 6:10 = The love of money is the root of all kinds of evil, hard to overcome
This was a difficult request. Did Jesus make it to make an example and put this man in his place?
Mark 10:21 = No, He did it out of love; He wanted to guide the man to salvation
Choose Today Whom You Will Serve (Mark 10:22)
Did the man recognize his sin and inability to save himself?
Luke 18:23 = Yes, he became very sad
Did he take this opportunity to confess his sin and turn to Jesus for salvation?
Mark 10:22 = No, he went away - he saw his sin, but wouldn't turn away from it
How did the man's response to Jesus' guidance fit within Jesus' parable of the sower?
Mark 4:14, 18-19 = His seed did not grow because of the thorns of desires for other things
What had Jesus described earlier was required for someone to receive eternal life?
Mark 8:34-37 = Deny yourself to the world and give yourself wholly to Christ
A Different Response (Luke 19:1-10)
What rich man did Jesus encounter soon afterwards who had a similar opportunity?
Luke 19:1-7 = Zacchaeus, a wealthy tax collector in the trade route town of Jericho
How did Zacchaeus respond to his choice between God and money?
Luke 19:8 = He recognized his sin and repented
Did Jesus recognize his response of faith?
Luke 19:9-10 = Yes, He pointed out that Zacchaeus had the faith that gives eternal life
A Universal Problem (Mark 10:23-24)
How did Jesus response to the man's reluctance to turn his devotion from his wealth to God?
Mark 10:23 = Said it is especially hard for the rich to receive eternal life
How did the disciples respond to what they had seen and what Jesus had said?
Mark 10:24a = They were amazed
Why were the disciples amazed at His words?
Job 1:10 = Jews believed that wealth was evidence of God's favor and blessing
Did Jesus mean that those who are not rich won't have this problem of money before God?
Mark 10:24b = No, it is difficult for everyone
Eye of a Needle (Mark 10:25-27)
How did Jesus go on to explain that it is impossible for someone who trusts in riches to be saved?
Mark 10:25 = Easier for camel (largest Palestine animal) to go thru needle (tiniest opening)
Did the disciples understand the impossibility that Jesus was trying to convey?
"Eye of the Needle" Gate added to Jerusalem in medieval times just too small for a camel
Mark 10:26 = Yes, they were even more amazed, wondered if anyone could be saved
How did the disciples' question help lead them to the whole point Jesus was trying to make?
D. Pentecost: If the rich whom God loved and blessed and with whom He was pleased could not enter the kingdom, what chance was there for the multitudes?
Mark 10:27 = With man this is impossible, but ... all things are possible with God
What About Us? (Mark 10:28)
Did the often slow-to-learn disciples catch what Jesus was saying?
Mark 10:28 = Yes, Peter as spokesman looked for the application of the lesson to their lives
Was Peter bragging and claiming they had done better than the rich man?
Matthew 19:27 = No, he was honestly trying to understand the implications for his situation
What had Peter meant by saying that they had left everything to follow Jesus?
Matthew 4:18-22 = P, A, J & J had left their fishing business to become fishers of men
How had Jesus earlier taught these disciples a stronger lesson in trusting in Him and the Father?
Matthew 9:9 = Matthew left his lucrative tax collection business to follow Jesus
Mark 3:7-10 = He had sent them out with nothing, they'd get only what God gave thru others
Rewards in Heaven (Mark 10:29-31)
Would there be any special reward for the apostles who had left all to follow Jesus?
Matthew 19:28 = They would be honored on thrones by Jesus to judge the Jews
Did John get a glimpse of this in the revelation he was given of the end times?
Revelation 20:4 = Yes, other martyrs and faithful also reigned to judge other peoples
Did Jesus only offer rewards in His kingdom to the apostles?
Matthew 19:29 = Hundred-fold blessings and eternal life to any who has left all for Him
Leave Your Home (Mark 10:29-31)
Is Jesus saying that we are to neglect or desert our families in order to receive eternal life?
Matthew 10:37-39 = We must love Jesus more than anything, even more than our families
How are we to deal with non-Christian family members who threaten our relationship with Christ?
Matthew 10:34-36 = Being in Christ's family is more important than in our own human family
How did Luke word the seriousness of putting Jesus before even the members of our family?
Luke 14:26 = Our love for Jesus must be much greater than our love for our family
A Cost of Leaving (Mark 10:29-31)
Besides putting Jesus before our own family, what else does Mark include as a cost of discipleship?
Mark 10:29-30 = Persecutions
How was this leading the disciples to better understand what Jesus was next going to tell them?
Mark 10:32-34 = Jesus was going to Jerusalem to be killed, but He will rise in glory
What is our promise as we are persecuted for His sake?
Romans 8:17 = Just as we share in His sufferings, we also will share in His glory
Copyright © 1998 by Kurt Rosenhagen
Use of this material is provided free of charge for use in personal or group Bible Study, no permission needed.
The author reserves all rights for use in published material or in uses where fees are involved.
For permission, or to provide your comments, insights and feedback, contact the author at: