Bible Stories for Adults

Jesus Heals on the Sabbath

Matthew 12:1-14

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - Jesus Forgives a Woman Taken in Adultery (John 8:1-11)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath. So the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath. Mark 2:27-28

Opening Prayer

Remember The Sabbath Day (Exodus 20:8-11)
    How did Jesus summarize God's Laws for man?
      Matthew 22:35-40
    What is the third of God's moral commands dealing with keeping our relationship with Him?
      Exodus 20:8
    What is the Sabbath day?
      Exodus 20:9-10a
    Sabbath (From Hebrew "shabath") means "to cease, desist". Why did God call it the Sabbath day?
      Exodus 20:10b
    What if we can't get all of our work done in six days? Is it really possible to rest on the 7th day?
      Exodus 20:11

Purposes of the Sabbath (Leviticus 23:3)
    What is an obvious purpose of observing the Sabbath?
      Leviticus 23:3a
    What is a more important purpose of observing the Sabbath?
      Leviticus 23:3b
    What does God promise if we remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy?
      Isaiah 58:13-14

    How else does God promise to bless us through observing the Sabbath?
      Ezekiel 20:12
    How does the Sabbath help us grow in our relationship with God?
      Ezekiel 20:20
    How do we see this in the Deuteronomy record of the third commandment?
      Deuteronomy 5:15

Sabbath Days (Exodus 16)
    Was the idea of resting on the seventh day one that God developed for the Israelites on Sinai?
      Genesis 2:1-3
    How did the Jews define the beginning and the end of the Sabbath day?
      Genesis 1:31 (Lev. 23:32)
    When is the first time we see the Sabbath rest formally observed?
      Exodus 16:14-15, 19-20, 23-26

Sabbath Weeks, Months and Years (Leviticus 23, 25)
    How were the Israelites to celebrate God's providence through crops in a Sabbath of 7 weeks?
      Leviticus 23:10-11, 15-16, 21
    How were the Israelites to celebrate God in a Sabbath of 7 months?
      Leviticus 23:23-25
    What other special remembrances did God command during this 7th month Sabbath?
      Leviticus 23:26-28, 32
      Leviticus 23:33-35

    How were the Israelites to celebrate God in a Sabbath of 7 years?
      Leviticus 25:1-4
    What other 7th year observances were the Israelites to keep?
      Exodus 21:2
      Deuteronomy 15:1-2, 9
    How were the Israelites to especially celebrate a Sabbath every 7 Sabbath years?
      Leviticus 25:8-10

    What happened to the land of Israel during the Jews' exile to Babylon?
      2 Chronicles 36:20-21 (Jeremiah 25:11-12)
    How would the Jews receive a Sabbath of rest after waiting years for the Messiah?
      Daniel 9:24-25

Importance of the Sabbath (Exodus 31:14-17)
    How important was it for the Jews to keep the Sabbath day?
      Exodus 31:14-15
    How long would the Jews have to keep the Sabbath?
      Exodus 31:16-17
    How did God punctuate the importance of this command?
      Exodus 31:18
    Was it ever acceptable to do any work on the Sabbath?
      Exodus 34:21

The Wages of Ignoring the Sabbath (Nehemiah 13:15-22)
    Were the curses of ignoring the Sabbath directed only at the individuals who didn't keep it?
      Ezekiel 20:23-24
    How was this further reinforced in the last days before the Jews were exiled?
      Jeremiah 17:21-25a, 27

    What did Nehemiah see after the Jews returned from exile that upset him?
      Nehemiah 13:15-17
    How did Nehemiah convince the Jews to stop working on the Sabbath?
      Nehemiah 13:18
    How did he make sure a few unrighteous didn't spoil it for everyone else?
      Nehemiah 13:19-22

Black and White Laws (Ezekiel 20:25)
    What did the Jews do to make sure God wouldn't punish them as severely again?
      Nehemiah 9:38; 10:29-31
    What else did they do to make sure the law wasn't accidentally disobeyed?
      Nehemiah 8:7a, 7c-8
    "Oral Law" - Religious leaders attempted to make black & white limits for every situation
    What did Jesus have to say about these Oral Laws?
      Matthew 23:1-4, 13
    Why did God allow this to happen?
      Ezekiel 20:25-26

Working on the Sabbath
    Jews identified 39 works which were prohibited on the Sabbath by the Scripture
      Each of these father-works had many descendant-works defined by rabbis
    Examples: Father-Work Descendant Works
    Plowing Digging (dragging a chair might make a rut)
    (rubbing foot on pavement ok, not on dirt)
    Carrying a burden Wearing false teeth or extra clothing
    Walking on stilts (crutch or wooden leg okay)
    Tailor carrying needle, Scribe carrying pen
    Reaping Plucking a head of wheat
    Pulling out a gray hair (don't look in mirror)

Jesus "Works" On the Sabbath (Matthew 12)
    What is the first time we see Jesus "working" on the Sabbath?
      Mark 1:21-26, 30-31
    What response resulted from this Sabbath work?
      Mark 1:28, 32

    What is the next Sabbath work we see from Jesus?
      John 5:1, 5, 8-9
    What response resulted from this Sabbath work?
      John 5:10-11, 16
    How did Jesus respond to their concern for the sanctity of the Sabbath?
      John 7:21-24

    What upset the Jewish leaders in today's story?
      Matthew 12:1-2
    How did Jesus attempt to guide them to a better understanding of the truth of the Sabbath?
      Matthew 12:3-8
    Did this satisfy them?
      Matthew 12:9-10
    How did Jesus respond to their rejection of the truth?
      Matthew 12:11-13
    Did this satisfy them?
      Matthew 12:14

Did Jesus Observe the Sabbath? (Matthew 5:17-18)
    Did Jesus observe the Sabbath?
      Luke 4:16
    Why don't we continue to observe the Sabbaths as the Jews did? Did Jesus abolish them?
      Matthew 5:17-18
    How did this affect the requirements of God's old covenant with His people?
      Hebrews 9:15
    What happened to God's laws under this new covenant?
      Hebrews 8:6-10
    Does this mean that we don't have to keep God's laws?
      Romans 8:3-4

The Sabbath Rest for Christians (Hebrews 4:1-11)
    If Jesus fulfilled the Sabbath, does that mean that everyone automatically receives His Sabbath rest?
      Hebrews 4:1-2, 6
    So is there still a Sabbath day of rest for those who have faith in Christ?
      Hebrews 4:7-9
    So when is that Sabbath day of rest?
      Hebrews 4:3-5, 10-11

Christians and the Sabbath Day (Colossians 2:16-3:2)
    How are we to respond to those who insist that we keep the Sabbath as commanded at Sinai?
      Colossians 2:16-17
    Should we try to follow these commands anyway?
      Colossians 2:20-23
    Should we work to correct our misguided brothers who believe certain days are more holy?
      Romans 14:5-6 (Galatians 4:10-11)
    How are we then to treat such rules and regulations on how to relate to God?
      Colossians 3:1-2

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1998 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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