Bible Stories for Adults
Jesus Forgives a Woman Taken in Adultery
Welcome and Announcements
Next Week - Parables of the Kingdom (Matthew 13:31-50)
Bible Words to Remember:
God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through Him. John 3:17
Jesus' Epiphany - Themes From Past Lessons = Epiphany means shining forth - reveal
How did Jesus reveal Himself to His hometown at the beginning of His ministry?
Luke 4:16-21 = He claimed to be the promised Messiah foretold by Isaiah
How did His friends and neighbors respond to His Epiphany that day?
Luke 4:28-29 = Tried to kill Him by throwing Him from a cliff, but He walked away
How did Jesus reveal Himself to Peter, James and John before they were committed to Him?
Luke 5:4-7 = Gave them a huge catch of fish after a fruitless night
How did these fishers respond to His Epiphany that day?
Luke 5:8-11 = Peter repented, they left everything and followed Him
How did Jesus reveal Himself to the masses?
Luke 4:31-35, 40-41 = Taught and healed them, Stopped demons from identifying Him
How did the masses respond to His Epiphany?
Luke 4:36-37, 42-43 = They spread the word, tried to keep Him with them
How did John the Baptist make one last effort to reveal Jesus before he was killed?
Luke 7:18-19, 22 = He sent his disciples to find that Jesus was the promised Messiah
How did those who heard this Epiphany respond to it?
Luke 7:29-30 = The people, including tax collectors, believed; Pharisees didn't
How did Jesus reveal that He came to save sinners?
Luke 5:27-29 = He called Matthew, a tax collector, and ate with him and sinners
How did the leaders of the Jews respond to this Epiphany?
Luke 5:30-32 = They complained that He fellowshipped with sinners
How did Jesus reveal that the Jewish traditions were not in line with God's intent?
Luke 6:1-2, 5, 9-10 = Picked grain & healed on Sabbath - S is for man, not vice-versa
How did the experts in Jewish tradition respond to this Epiphany?
Luke 6:2, 7, 11 = They were furious and began talking about how to get rid of Jesus
Two Years Later (John 6-7)
How did people respond as Jesus made even deeper revelations later in His ministry?
John 6:60, 66 = Many had trouble accepting His words and left Him
If disciples were leaving Him at this time, how had His relationship with Jewish leaders grown?
John 7:1 = They wanted to kill Him
Did this keep Jesus from going to Jerusalem to celebrate the major Jewish feasts?
John 7:2-3, 6, 8-10, 14 = No, but He waited until midway thru the Feast of Tabernacles
Were the Jewish leaders able to catch Jesus at this time?
John 7:30 = No, His time had not yet come
Jesus Still Being Revealed (John 7)
Did this have any affect on the regular Jews who had not yet seen Him?
John 7:11-13 = They were curious, but very quiet about it
How did they respond when they finally saw His Epiphany?
John 7:15, 25-26, 40-43 = They were amazed & wondered if He was the Messiah
How did the Jewish leaders respond when they heard that the masses were attracted to Him?
John 7:32 = They sent the temple guards to arrest Him
What happened when the guards saw Jesus revealing Himself to the people in the temple?
John 7:45-46 = They returned empty-handed because they accepted His Epiphany
The Experts (John 7:47-52)
Did the Jewish leaders take this as a sign that Jesus might really be the Messiah?
John 7:47-49 = No, they felt that everyone else was too ignorant to see the truth
What was the result of this attitude?
Matthew 23:13 = They closed the door of heaven to themselves and others
What happened when one of the leaders suggested that they open the door enough to listen?
John 7:50-52 = They blasted him for being open to such a thing
Feast of Tabernacles (John 7:53-8:2)
At what point during the 7-day Feast of Tabernacles did all of this take place?
John 7:37a = On the last day
Where would people stay while they visited Jerusalem for the Feast of Tabernacles?
Leviticus 23:34, 42-43 = In tents (tabernacles) to remind them of wilderness tents
Did everyone go home now that the Feast was over?
John 7:53-8:1 = Yes, including Jesus
What do I mean by saying that even Jesus went home?
Luke 21:37-38 = Jesus spent nights on the Mount of Olives when He was in Jerusalem
What did He do there?
Luke 22:39-41 = He talked with His Father - also arrested and ascended there
Did Jesus go to the temple early in the morning as usual, even though the Feast was over?
John 8:2 = Yes, He was there by dawn
Setting a Trap (John 8:3-6a)
Where in the temple did Jesus usually teach?
John 8:20a = In the court of the women by the offerings - everyone would & could go
Who was especially ready for Jesus to show up in this prominent place?
John 8:3-5 = The Jewish leaders, they had a problem for Him to solve
It was common to take difficult questions to a rabbi for decisions. Was this the Jews' intent?
John 8:6a = No, they were trying to catch Him in a trap
Adultery (Exodus 20:14)
What was the penalty for an adulterous affair?
Leviticus 20:10 = Both were to be killed - Mishnah prescribed strangulation
What type of adultery was involved if only the woman was accused & the penalty was stoning?
Deuteronomy 22:13-14, 20-21 = New bride found not to be a virgin
How serious of a sin is adultery in God's eyes?
Exodus 20:14 = It is forbidden specifically in the sixth commandment
Why is adultery so serious? = If you can't be faithful with your closest friend, how can you be faithful to God?
1 Corinthians 6:18-20 = Because it is a sin against God's temple, the place He bought
Does God forbid just the act itself?
Exodus 20:17a = No, even the thought of it - coveting your neighbor's wife
How does Jesus explain this?
Matthew 5:27-28 = Coveting or lusting is committing adultery in your heart
Isn't this stretching the definition? = Sinning in the heart is more significant than the actual act
Matthew 15:19-20 = No, it is the heart that makes you clean or unclean
What can happen if we allow ourselves to be tempted by coveting or lusting?
James 1:13-15 = We get caught up in it and can be led easily into sin and death
How can we resist temptation?
Matthew 26:41 = Only with God's help thru prayer, the body is too weak on its own
What prayer did David write when Nathan reprimanded him for adultery with Bathsheba?
Psalm 51:10-12 = Create in me a clean heart, O God - Offertory in old hymnal
What problem did the Pharisees know Jesus would have with upholding this Law of God?
John 18:31 = The Romans didn't allow the Jews to execute anyone
How would Jesus be seen as contradicting Himself if He were to uphold God's Law?
Matthew 9:12-13 = He preached God's mercy and forgiveness to sinners
But didn't Jesus come to abolish the old law?
Matthew 5:17-20 = No, He came to fulfill the Law so we'd receive His righteousness
Jesus' Answer (John 8:6b-7)
How did Jesus make sure everyone understood what the Pharisees were trying to do?
John 8:6b = He didn't say anything for a while, wrote in the dirt with His finger
Although we don't know what He wrote, how could this point to the unchanging Law of God?
Exodus 31:18 = The Ten Commandments were written in stone by the finger of God
Why would some scholars say Jesus was writing the names of the accusers in the dust?
Jeremiah 17:13 = Those who turn away from you will be written in the dust
How did Jesus finally respond? = Word for without sin could mean without sinful desire
John 8:7 = Said that the first stone should be thrown by someone fully innocent
How would this response have been accepted by the Jewish leaders?
Deuteronomy 17:7 = God's Law called for innocent witnesses to cast the first stones
Who Will Throw the First Stone? (John 8:8-11)
Did Jesus look into the accusers' eyes to see who would claim to be without sin?
John 8:8 = No, He leaned back over and wrote again - Let them examine their own hearts
How do we see that Jesus was letting them condemn themselves?
John 8:9 = They all walked away, the older and wiser ones first
Besides seeing their own guilt, what else may have stopped someone from taking the first stone?
Deut 19:18-19 = False witnesses were to receive the penalty intended for the accused
After all had left, did Jesus tell the woman that everything was alright?
John 8:10-11 = No, He called her into repentance - Go and sin no more
How could Jesus have just let the woman go without condemning her for this great sin?
John 3:17 = God did not send His Son into the world to condemn ... but to save
Copyright © 1998 by Kurt Rosenhagen
Use of this material is provided free of charge for use in personal or group Bible Study, no permission needed.
The author reserves all rights for use in published material or in uses where fees are involved.
For permission, or to provide your comments, insights and feedback, contact the author at: