Bible Stories for Adults
Jesus Shows His Glory
Matthew 16:13-16; 17:1-9
Welcome and Announcements
Next Week - Jesus Heals a Centurion's Servant (Luke 7:1-10; Matthew 8:5-13; John 4:46-54)
Bible Words to Remember:
Jesus received honor and glory from God the Father when the voice came to Him from the Majestic Glory. 2 Peter 1:17
A Place to Teach (Matthew 16:13)
What became a key focus of Jesus' ministry as He neared its end?
Mark 9:30-32 = Spending time with just His apostles teaching and preparing them
What happened whenever Jesus tried to find a place to be with just His apostles?
Matthew 14:13-14, 34-36 = Crowds tracked him down and He turned away no one
Where did Jesus finally find a place where the Jewish crowds wouldn't follow?
Matthew 15:21 = Region of Tyre/Sidon (Phoenicia); Only time Jesus left Jewish territory
Where else did Jesus take His disciples that would be away from Jewish leaders and crowds?
Matthew 16:13a = Caesarea Philippi
Caesarea Philippi - 25 miles north of Sea of Galilee, 1700 feet higher
Outside of Galilee in region ruled by Herod Philip II (third son of Herod the Great)
At base of Mount Hermon - Large mountain at northern boundary of Palestine, source of Jordan
Name - Augustus Caesar & Herod Philip II (Caesarea - Caesar's town, Philippi - of Philip)
20 mile long ridge, three peaks - two over 9000 feet, View all of Palestine to Dead Sea
Near Old Testament town of Dan in territory of Naphtali - Mainly non-Jewish now
Also called Ice-Mountain - Source of ice for Damascus & Mt Lebanon during summer
Jeroboam set up shrine in Dan, Became worship center for Baal (was Balinas)
Caesarea Philippi had shrine for Greek god Pan - had been called Panias
Magnificent marble temple to worship Caesar - distinguishing building of town
Question of the Day (Matthew 16:13-14)
Surrounded by such pagan influences, what question did the penniless Galilean ask?
Mark 8:27 = Who do people say I am?
How does Matthew's record of Jesus' question differ?
Matthew 16:13 = Who do people say the Son of Man is?
How does this name that Jesus gave Himself point to who He really was?
Daniel 7:13-14 = Daniel called the Messiah a son of man (also Gen 3:15, Psalm 8:4)
Who did people think Jesus was? Did they recognize Jesus as the Messiah?
Matthew 16:14 = No, they thought He was John the Baptist, Elijah, Jeremiah, prophet
Jesus as John the Baptist? (Matthew 14:1-2)
Who was especially curious about who Jesus really was?
Luke 9:7-9 = Herod Antipas, who had beheaded John the Baptist
Why did Herod believe Jesus was the reincarnation of John?
Matthew 14:1-2 = Jesus' miraculous powers were proof, From supernatural
Were the miracles Jesus performed similar to the ones John did?
John 10:40-42 = John never did any miracles
Did people think Jesus was John because they acted the same?
Luke 1:17; 3:7-9 = John came in the spirit and power of Elijah, calling people to repent
Did they at least look or dress the same?
2 Corinthians 10:1a = Jesus was meek and gentle
Mark 1:6 = John wore clothing made of camel's hair, with a leather belt
What similarity should the people have recognized?
John 19:23-24 = Jesus wore a nice seamless garment
2 Kings 1:8 = John the Baptist with Elijah
What other visual contrast was made between Jesus and John?
Matthew 11:18-19 = John didn't eat or drink, Jesus did - both were rejected
Jesus as Elijah or Jeremiah? (Matthew 16:14)
Why did people think Jesus might be Elijah?
Malachi 4:5-6 = It was understood that Elijah would return before the Messiah came
Why might people think Jesus might be Jeremiah?
Jews still leave an empty chair for Elijah when they celebrate the Passover
2 Maccabees 2:1-12 - Before exile, Jeremiah hid the ark in a cave on Mount Nebo
Jeremiah would return before the Messiah to bring back the ark & incense altar
2 Esdras 2:18 - For thy help I will send my servants Isaiah and Jeremiah
The Real Question (Matthew 16:15-17)
Was Jesus really concerned about who the people thought He was?
Matthew 16:15 = No, it got the disciples ready to answer for themselves
Did the disciples have a better understanding of who Jesus was?
Matthew 16:16 = Yes, You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God
Had they learned this from spending the last two years watching Jesus?
Matthew 16:17 = No, it had been revealed to them by the Father
Was there any way they could have figured this out by themselves?
Matthew 11:25-27 = No, No one knows the Son except the Father
Now that we have the story of Jesus in the Bible, can we figure this out for ourselves?
1 Corinthians 12:3 = No, No one can say, "Jesus is Lord", except by the Holy Spirit
Peter was ready to give his confession when asked. What advice does he later give us?
1 Peter 3:15 = Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you...
Are we to try to be as eloquent and persuasive as Peter and Paul when telling of Jesus?
1 Corinthians 2:1-5, 13 = They spoke what God told them, we should do the same
Built on the Rock (Matthew 16:18-20)
How did Jesus use Peter's confession to help reveal His purpose for the disciples?
Matthew 16:18 = you are petros (stone), & on this petra (large rock) I'll build My church
What is this petra, the foundation of Jesus' church?
1 Corinthians 3:11 = Our faith in Jesus as the Christ, the Son of God
Did Peter understand what Jesus meant by calling him a stone and his confession a rock?
1 Peter 2:4-5 = Yes, we are living stones that are being built into a spiritual house
How did Peter explain Jesus as Christ being a large rock?
1 Peter 2:6-7 = Quoted Isaiah 28:16 & Psalm 118:22 showing Christ as the key stone
How important would this church (spiritual house) be?
Matthew 16:19 = It would have the keys to the kingdom of heaven
After verifying that His apostles knew who He was, did Jesus ask them to explain it to others?
Matthew 16:20 = No, The Spirit would come later to speak through them
A Complete Understanding? (Matthew 16:21-28)
Was Jesus just concerned that His disciples knew that He was the Messiah?
Matthew 16:21 = They should understand what the Messiah was & what would happen
Wasn't it clear through Peter's confession that they already understood this?
Matthew 16:22-23 = No, they misunderstood; The rock became a stumbling stone
What did Jesus say to explain that being a stone in His church was more than just a confession?
Matthew 16:24-28 = He explained the costs of discipleship - give yourself to Christ
Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-2)
How long did Jesus stay in the Caesarea Philippi area teaching His disciples?
Matthew 17:1 = Six days, took his inner three (Peter, James & John) up Mt Hermon
What is significant about this time?
Exodus 24:15-16 = God's glory was on Mt Sinai 6 days before God spoke to Moses
What does Luke tell us that Jesus did there?
Luke 9:29 = Like Moses on Sinai, He spoke with God (prayed)
Luke says His clothes were as bright as lightning. What analogy does Mark give?
Mark 9:3 = Dazzling white, whiter than anyone could bleach them - even Clorox
Was it just His clothes?
Matthew 17:2 = His face shone like the sun
How was this similar to, but different than what happened to Moses?
Exodus 34:29 = Moses' face reflected God's glory, Jesus radiated His own glory
Was this glory that Jesus was getting now that He had nearly completed His mission?
John 17:5 = No, He had glory thru eternity, but it was hidden while He was on earth
How does Moses' example explain to us why Jesus' glory had not been revealed?
Exodus 34:30, 33-35 = He would not have been able to walk among the people
How did John later refer to this in his gospel? (Also 2:11; 7:39; 11:4; 12:23; 13:31-32; 20:31)
John 1:14 = We have seen His glory, the glory of the One and Only
What did Peter say later in one of his letters?
2 Peter 1:16-18 = We were eyewitnesses of His majesty...
A Mountaintop Experience (Matthew 17:3-5)
Besides a shining Messiah, what else surprised the three apostles?
Luke 9:30-31 = Moses and Elijah (Law and Prophets) came and talked with Jesus
How astonished were these disciples with what they were seeing?
Mark 9:5-6 = So much that Peter just blurted out something stupid
What happened before Peter could finish making a fool out of himself?
Matthew 17:5 = God came in a bright cloud and spoke - This is My Son, listen to Him!
How would this remind the apostles that Jesus is the Messiah, the new Moses?
Deuteronomy 18:15 = Moses said God would raise up a prophet like him, listen to Him
The Reaction of Peter, James and John (Matthew 17:6-13)
How did the apostles react to this mountaintop experience?
Matthew 17:6-8 = They fell down terrified until Jesus touched them & picked them up
What promise of Jesus had just been fulfilled?
Mark 9:1 = Some of crowd wouldn't die before seeing God's kingdom come with power
After seeing this magnificent Epiphany of Jesus, how would the three explain it to the others?
Matthew 17:9 = Jesus told them not to until after He had risen (Lk 9:36 - They didn't)
Did Jesus' order bother the three? = Jews believed all the dead would rise simultaneously
Mark 9:10 = Yes, mainly because they wondered when they would ever be able to tell
What other question popped up as they tried to make heads-or-tails about what happened?
Matthew 17:10 = Elijah appeared briefly, not in spirit & power to people as promised
How did Jesus answer their question?
Matthew 17:11-12 = Elijah has already come, and they did not recognize him
Did this confuse the baffled three even further?
Matthew 17:13 = No, this they understood
Copyright © 1998 by Kurt Rosenhagen
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