Bible Stories for Adults
Jesus and Nicodemus
Welcome and Announcements
Next Week - Jesus Enters Jerusalem (Matthew 21:1-16)
Bible Words to Remember:
We were therefore buried with Him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life. Romans 6:4
First Impressions (John 2:13-22)
How does Jesus put His best foot forward during the first visit to the temple of His ministry?
Why wasn't He more careful about making a good first impression?
Did the temple guards and leaders immediately try to arrest Him for this vandalism?
What proof did Jesus offer to show He was sent from God?
Did anybody understand what He said?
Further Proof (John 2:23-25)
Did Jesus provide any proof other than foretelling the great miracle of His resurrection?
Three words are used in the New Testament for Jesus' miracles:
Through these signs in Jerusalem, was Jesus trying to show that He was the Messiah?
Miracles have three aspects: Produce wonder, show God's power, sign of God's love
Why did He not fully reveal Himself to the Jews in Jerusalem?
How did Jesus know that is how they would react?
How did people respond when they realized that He knew what was in a man?
How could Jesus know what was in a man?
See also John 1:42; 5:42; 6:64; 8:10-11; 8:40ff
Jewish Leaders (John 3:1-2)
Did these miraculous signs provide proof of Jesus' authority to the Jewish leaders?
Sanhedrin - 70 member ruling body of the Jews headed by the high priest
Kept Judaism pure, had religious jurisdiction over every Jew in the world
Pharisees - A chaburah (brotherhood) of no more than 6000 of the best Jews
Served as the supreme court for the Jews; Power given, but limited by Romans
Two parties - Sadducees (elite priests) and Pharisees (intellectual purists)
Pledged before 3 witnesses to spend entire lives observing every detail of scribal law
Scribes took the great principles of God's Law and created detailed by-laws and regulations
Pharisee meant "the Separated One"; Kept separated to keep every detail of the law
"The Law is complete; it contains everything necessary for the living of a good life; therefore in the Law there must be a regulation to govern every possible incident in every possible moment for every possible man."
Mishnah (detailed scribal laws) and Talmud (explanatory commentary on Mishnah)
Nicodemus (John 3:1-2)
Why might Nicodemus have come to see Jesus at night?
What other reason do some give for Nicodemus' timing?
What does Nicodemus say that shows his respect for Jesus?
Did Nicodemus sincerely feel Jesus might be from God or was he just curious?
John 7:32, 45-52
Why was this a risky move for Nicodemus?
How do we see that Nicodemus may have been a secret Christian?
Admission to the Kingdom (John 3:3-4)
Having devoted his life to obedience, what would Nicodemus want to know from a man of God?
How did Jesus show that He knew Nicodemus' heart and the real question he wanted to ask?
RSV says born anew - Greek word is anothen, it has three meanings, all of which fit:
From the beginning (completely, radically), again (second time), from above (from God)
A Gentile convert to Judaism was regarded as being reborn
Change was so radical that his past no longer existed, all old ties and sins were gone
Why might Nicodemus not be able to understand Jesus' comment about being reborn?
Theoretically, he could even marry his mother or sister since he was completely new
What is the only other interpretation Nicodemus could make?
Water and the Spirit (John 3:5)
How did Jesus explain to Nicodemus the spiritual rebirth He was describing?
Was Jesus referring to John's baptism of repentance?
Mark 1:4, 8
How does Mark show this combination at work?
How did Peter describe this at Pentecost?
Christian Baptism (Romans 6:3-4)
What happens when a person is baptized into the Christian family?
Is there really a difference in the baptized person?
2 Corinthians 5:17
How powerful is this rebirth?
What promise do we have with baptism?
Does this mean that if someone is not baptized, they will not be saved?
Luther's Small Catechism: It is unbelief only that damns; and though saving faith cannot exist in the heart of one who refuses to be baptized, it can exist when for some reason Baptism cannot be obtained.
Why is it so important, then, to baptize?
Luther's Large Catechism: Here stand the Word and command of God, which have instituted established and confirmed baptism. Whatever God institutes and commands cannot be useless; it is most precious, even if in appearance it is not worth a straw.
Born of the Spirit (John 3:6-8)
How did Jesus explain to Nicodemus his need to be reborn despite being a son of Abraham?
What was He reminding Nicodemus by saying that flesh gives birth to flesh?
How can we then be born of the Spirit?
How can we tell if someone has been born of the Spirit?
What are some of these effects which we can see?
What Scripture would the scholar Nicodemus remember by Jesus' comments?
Lift High the Cross (John 3:9-16)
Did Nicodemus understand what Jesus was saying?
If a devout Pharisee like Nicodemus couldn't understand heavenly things, how could Jesus?
How could humans who have not seen heaven be able to obtain what they cannot understand?
What story was Jesus referring to that Nicodemus would know well?
In what ways were the Son of Man lifted up for us to trust in and receive life?
God lifted up the snake in the desert so His people wouldn't perish. Why did He lift up His Son?
The Light of Judgment (John 3:17-21)
What did the Jews believe was a key purpose of the Messiah?
Isaiah 11:12, 14 (34:2)
Was this God's purpose for sending Jesus?
Would anyone be condemned by the coming of the Messiah?
Then why did the prophets say the Messiah would bring judgment to the world?
Since we are all sinful, why would we even dare to enter the light?
Copyright © 1998 by Kurt Rosenhagen
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