Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults

The Birth and Flight of Moses

Exodus 1-2

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - The Annunciation (Luke 1:26-38; Matthew 1:18-25)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      My grace is sufficient for you, for My power is made perfect in weakness. 2 Corinthians 12:9

Opening Prayer

Land o' Goshen (Genesis 46-47)
    Why did God bring the Israelites to Egypt?
      Genesis 46:1-4 = I will make you into a great nation. I will go with you.
    How was Israel kept separated from the Egyptians in this populous land?
      Genesis 46:31-34 = Settled Goshen, shepherds are detestable to Egyptians
    Goshen - Eastern border of Nile delta, First part of Egypt reached by travelers from Canaan
      Egyptian capital was likely Tanis, western border of Goshen (where Joseph lived)

    What was significant about the quality of the land in Goshen?
      Genesis 47:5-6 = Very lush, the best part of the land
    Why did Pharaoh need someone to take charge of his livestock?
      Genesis 47:13-17 = Pharaoh owned all livestock & land in exchange for grain
    How did God provide for the Israelites in Goshen?
      Genesis 47:12 = Joseph provided food although famine was severe

Just Like Rabbits (Exodus 1:1-7)
    What part of God's promise was especially developed in Egypt?
      Exodus 1:6-7 = Israelites multiplied greatly and filled the land
    How many belonged to the covenant family when Israel moved to Egypt?
      Exodus 1:1-5 = 70 direct descendants (7 means total, complete to Hebrew)
    How many belonged to the covenant family when they left Egypt?
      Exodus 12:37-38 = 600,000 men plus women, children, servants, herds

Hyksos (Genesis 41:38)
    What was so extraordinary about the great power that Pharaoh gave Joseph?
      Genesis 43:32 = Hebrews were detestable to Egyptians; Why give power to a Hebrew?
    Hyksos - Egyptian for foreign kings, Also called "Shepherd Kings"
      Disliked by Egyptians - All shepherds are detestable to the Egyptians (Gen 46:34)
      Semitic invaders conquered in 1730 BC, ruled over Nile delta to Canaan 150 years
      Fine for Hyksos to give power to a fellow Semite; Likely Apepi II of 16th dynasty

A New King (Exodus 1:8)
    Egyptian kings ruled southern Egypt from Thebes during time of Hyksos
    1570 BC - Ahmose, first king of 18th dynasty, defeated Hyksos and regained all Egypt
      Likely began period of dislike & suspicion for Israelites living in their Goshen
    How is this change of ruler described in our story?
      Exodus 1:8 = A new king, who did not know about Joseph, came to power
    New Kingdom period began - Egypt expanded militarily, grew to include Canaan
      Lost much control to Hittites under Ikhnaton (Tutankhamon's father-in-law)
    New energy & expansion under 19th dynasty with Rameses I and Rameses II (1304 BC)
      Height of splendor under Rameses II - many statues, building programs
      Great battle with Hittites at Kadesh (1288 BC) weakened both militaries
      Rameses II was likely the Pharaoh of the Oppression (when Moses grew up)
    Next king, Merneptah, was far weaker and had big troubles with invaders from Phrygia
      Costly battle on Egyptian coast, followed by loss of Canaan (for 900 years)
      Likely the Pharaoh of the Exodus - too many other problems

It's No Fun Here Anymore (Exodus 1:9-16)
    How did this new set of kings change life for the Israelites?
      Exodus 1:9-11 = Forced into slavery to keep in control & from growing
    How well did the Egyptian's plan work to weaken and lessen the Israelites?
      Exodus 1:12 = The more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied & spread
    How did the Egyptians respond?
      Exodus 1:13-14 = They worked them with hard labor ruthlessly
    Were the Israelites being punished or disciplined by God for their sins?
      Genesis 46:2-4 = No, God was building and strengthening His chosen nation
    What had God told Abraham about his descendants in a foreign country?
      Genesis 15:12-14 = Descendants to be enslaved 400 yrs then returned with wealth
    Why was it important that the Israelites endure hardship in Egypt?
      Exodus 3:7-10 = So they wouldn't be content and want to stay in Egypt

Growing Through Troubles (Romans 6:15-18)
    Is Christianity a life of freedom or slavery?
      Romans 6:15-18 = Both - Freed from sin to be slaves to righteousness
    Is a Christian protected from hardship?
      Acts 14:22b = We must go through many hardships to enter the kingdom of God
    How should we, as Christians, view hardship?
      Hebrews 12:5-11 = As discipline from a loving father
      Isaiah 1:25-26 = As purification to build righteousness
      Romans 5:3-5 = Rejoice in suffering, it produces perseverance, character, hope
      2 Corinthians 12:7-10 = Man's weakness opens way for Christ's power
    What should we remember when we are going through troubles that we don't understand?
      Romans 8:28 = In all things God works for the good of those who love Him

Those Darn Hebrew Rabbits (Exodus 1:15-22)
    What new approach did the king (Pharaoh) derive?
      Exodus 1:15-16 = Told midwives to kill all Hebrew boys as they are born
    How well was this plan carried out?
      Exodus 1:17-19 = Midwives didn't follow and gave excuses to Pharaoh
    How did God respond to the midwives' tactic?
      Exodus 1:20-21 = Israelites grew even more numerous, midwives had kids
    What was Pharaoh's third plan?
      Exodus 1:22 = Throw all Hebrew baby boys into the Nile

Another Hebrew Boy is Born (Exodus 2:1-2)
    What tribe was this special baby born into?
      Exodus 2:1-2 = Levites, Called by God to serve as priests
    Who were the members of this family?
      Numbers 26:59 = Amram, father; Jochebed, mother; Aaron, Moses, Miriam
    What was God's plan for this family?
      Micah 6:4 = I sent Moses, Aaron & Miriam to lead you out of Egypt
      Exodus 28:1-2 = Aaron was first high priest of Israel

Thrown Into the Nile (Exodus 2:3-4)
    How did Jochebed use the Nile to protect Moses from death in the Nile?
      Exodus 2:3-4 = Put him in a basket and floated him down the Nile
    How did Moses' parents have the courage to disobey Pharaoh's edict?
      Hebrews 11:23 = By faith
    What other Hebrew baby was saved from a king's slaughter of Hebrew boys?
      Matthew 2:13-16 = Jesus was taken to Egypt to hide from Herod

The Saving Waters (Exodus 2:5-10)
    How was the Nile used to save Moses?
      Exodus 2:5-9 = Pharaoh's daughter found Moses and kept him as her own
    How did Moses get his name? = Moses in Egyptian means son (Rameses, Thutmose)
      Exodus 2:10 = Moses is Hebrew for draw out, P's daughter drew out Moses from water
    What purpose might God have had for Moses being raised in Pharaoh's house?
      Acts 7:20-22 = Educated in Egyptian wisdom & ways, Powerful in speech & action
    What are other examples of water saving God's people?
      Genesis 7:7 = Noah & family entered ark to escape waters of flood
      Exodus 14:21-22, 27-28 = Israel saved from Egyptians by crossing Red Sea
      Mark 16:16 = He who believes & is baptized shall be saved

Hebrew or Egyptian? (Exodus 2:11-15)
    What event shows us that Moses was very aware of his Hebrew heritage?
      Exodus 2:11-12 = He murdered an Egyptian for beating a Hebrew slave
    Had anyone seen what he had done?
      Exodus 2:13-14 = Hebrews accused him of killing the Egyptian
    What did Moses do when word got out of what he had done?
      Exodus 2:15 = He ran away to Midian

Meeting Women by the Well (Exodus 2:16-20)
    What did Moses do at the well and how did it lead to a home for him?
      Exodus 2:16-20 = Protected 7 sisters from shepherds, Was invited to eat
    How did God bless Moses in Midian?
      Exodus 2:21-22 = Married Zipporah, Had son Gershom (an alien there)
    What other wives were met at a well?
      Genesis 24 = Abraham's servant met Rebekah for Isaac's wife
      Genesis 29 = Jacob met Rachel

Moses in Midian (Exodus 2:23-25)
    Did Israel's problems get better while Moses was in Midian?
      Exodus 2:23 = Israel groaned in their slavery and cried out
    Did God ignore Israel's cries?
      Exodus 2:24-25 = God heard, remembered His covenant & was concerned
    What did God do about Israel's problems? - Find out after Christmas
    What did God do about our problems? - Find out the next 2 weeks

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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