Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults

The Annunciation

Luke 1:26-38; Matthew 1:18-25

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - Jesus is Born (Luke 2:1-20)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      God was reconciling the world to Himself in Christ, not counting men's sins against them. And he has committed to us the message of reconciliation. 2 Corinthians 5:19

Opening Prayer

The Family Line (Matthew 1)
    Why does Matthew begin his gospel with Jesus' genealogy?
      Matthew 1:1 = Book written for Jews to show Jesus as promised Messiah
    What is significant about the three groupings of generations?
      Matthew 1:17 = 14 generations each (7 means total, complete to Jew)
      Genesis 22:18 = God promised to bless all nations through Abraham's offspring
      2 Samuel 7:12-13 = God promised to establish throne of David's offspring forever
      Jeremiah 23:5-6 = God promised a Savior to the exiled Jews

    Why might Luke's genealogy be so different than Matthew's? = (J-Legal, M-Blood)
      Luke 3:23 = Theologians believe Luke's is genealogy through Mary
    How much further does Luke trace Jesus' lineage?
      Luke 3:38 = To God His Father, All mankind is part of Jesus' family

Family Matriarchs (Matthew 1:3-6)
    What four women are included in Matthew's genealogy? = Lutheran Witness
      Matthew 1:3-6 = Tamar, Rahab, Ruth, Bathsheba (incest, prostitute, foreigner, adulteress)
    Who were each of these women? = All were pagan foreigners
      Genesis 38:11, 16 = Judah mistook daughter-in-law Tamar for prostitute & made pregnant
      Joshua 2:1 = Rahab was Canaanite prostitute who protected spies in Jericho
      Ruth 1:22 = Ruth was widowed Moabite daughter-in-law of Naomi
      2 Samuel 11:2-3, 26-27 = David's biggest sin was having Urriah killed to get Bathsheba

    How could God allow such evil women to taint the ancestry of the Messiah?
      Mark 2:16-17 = Jesus came to save the sinners, not the righteous
    What group of humanity can find comfort in this?
      Romans 3:23 = For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God

A Twist on Names (Matthew 2:23)
    Where were Jesus' parents from?
      Luke 1:26-27 = Nazareth, a Zebulun town (in Roman district of Galilee)
    How did Matthew use this as a fulfillment of Messianic prophesy?
      Matthew 2:23 = Per prophets: He will be called a Nazarene

    How was this a twist on words?
      Isaiah 11:1 = Hebrew word used for shoot is same as Nazarene (without vowels)
    What other twist on words is significant for Jesus as a Nazarene?
      Numbers 6:1, 8 = A Nazirite was one who was consecrated to God for a period

God's Messenger (Luke 1:26)
    Who was Gabriel?
      Luke 1:26 = An angel (angelos is Greek for messenger)

    What are other key points in God's plan where He used messengers? = Refer
      Genesis 22:10-12 = Angel stopped Abraham from sacrificing Isaac
      Joshua 5:13-15 = Angel told Joshua he was standing on holy ground
      Judges 13:3, 24 = Angel told Samson's sterile mother she would have him, a Nazirite
      Daniel 6:21-23 = Angel protected Daniel in the lion's den

      Luke 1:13 = Angel told Zechariah his sterile wife would have John (the Baptist)
      Matthew 1:20 = Angel told Joseph to keep Mary as wife
      Luke 2:8-11 = Angel told shepherds of birth of the Christ
      Matthew 2:13 = Angel told Joseph to take Jesus & Mary to Egypt
      Mark 16:5-6 = Angel at tomb told women Jesus had risen

      Acts 5:18-20 = Angel released apostles from jail
      Revelation 1:1 = Revelation was given to John via an angel

    How are we called to be God's messengers?
      Matthew 28:19-20 = The Great Commission

The Annunciation (Luke 1:28-33)
    How did Mary respond to the appearance of Gabriel? = She was greatly troubled
      Luke 1:28-29 = Why would God come to her, a young peasant girl in an insignificant town
    What seven Old Testament prophesies does Gabriel say will be fulfilled?
      Luke 1:30-33 = Virgin birth, name Jesus, great, God's Son, David's throne, rule Israel, kingdom forever

Nothing is Impossible with God (Luke 1:34-38)
    What was Mary's immediate concern with Gabriel's message?
      Luke 1:34 = How will this be since I am a virgin?
    How did Mary's question show fulfillment of another prophesy?
      Isaiah 7:14 = God will give a sign: The virgin will be with child
    How was Gabriel's reply incorporated into the Apostles' Creed?
      Luke 1:35 = Conceived by the Holy Spirit, Born of the Virgin Mary

    What example does Gabriel give that shows Nothing is impossible with God?
      Luke 1:36-37 = Barren Elizabeth is pregnant in her old age
    How did Mary respond to her calling?
      Luke 1:38 = I am the Lord's servant ... I accept the calling
    How are we to respond to our callings?
      1 Peter 4:10-11 = Each one should use their gifts to serve others

The Betrothal Period
    Marriage in Biblical times included:
      Man paid a bride price to the woman's father
      A betrothal period would pass before the couple lived together
      After betrothal, the bride was brought to her husband's home

      Girls were usually betrothed when old enough to have children
      Men usually waited until established in trade, around 25 yrs old
      Betrothal was the first part of marriage, Usually around a year
        It was legally binding, Could only be broken by divorce

    If girl became pregnant during betrothal, man had three options:
      Accept the adultery and proceed with the marriage
      Publicly divorce woman and have her stoned to death
      Quietly divorce woman

Joseph's Decision (Matthew 1:19-25)
    How did Joseph plan to handle Mary's situation?
      Matthew 1:19 = Divorce her quietly
    How did God change Joseph's mind?
      Matthew 1:20-21 = Sent an angel who told him son was Savior from God
    Why had God put Joseph in such a predicament?
      Matthew 1:22-23 = To fulfill prophesy of a virgin with child
    What did Joseph finally decide to do?
      Matthew 1:24 = Keep Mary as his wife
    Why didn't Joseph consummate the marriage?
      Matthew 1:25 = Virgin birth

Names for Jesus (Matthew 1:25)
    What name was the child given?
      Matthew 1:25 = Jesus (Greek), Joshua (Hebrew), means the Lord saves (Savior)
    What other names were given to Jesus?
      Matthew 1:23 = Immanuel, means God with us
      John 1:41 = Messiah (Hebrew for the Anointed One), Christ (Greek)
      Matthew 1:1 = Son of David, Son of Abraham (the promised offspring)
      Matthew 4:3 = Son of God (wholly God)
      Matthew 8:20 = Son of Man (wholly man)
      John 1:36 = The Lamb of God (the great atoning sacrifice)
      John 20:28 = My Lord and my God (Our Lord & God)
      Isaiah 59:20 = Redeemer (paid the price for our sins)
      Isaiah 9:6 = Prince of Peace + others (peace that passes all understanding)

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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