Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults

The People of Israel Leave Egypt

Exodus 5-15

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - Israel Comes to Mount Sinai (Exodus 15-33)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      The Lord is my strength and my song; He has become my salvation. He is my God, and I will praise Him, my father's God, and I will exalt Him. Exodus 15:2

Opening Prayer

Moses Brings God's Word (Exodus 5:1-5)
    What had God called Moses to do?
      Exodus 3:9-10 = Go to Pharaoh and bring my people out of Egypt
    Did the Israelites accept Moses as their deliverer?
      Exodus 4:29-31 = ...and they believed. ...they bowed down & worshipped

    Who did Moses tell Pharaoh had sent him? = NIV translates YHWH as The Lord
      Exodus 5:1 = The Lord, the God of Israel - Yahweh is from Hebrew for I am
    How was Pharaoh warned when he said no? = Who is Yahweh? I don't know Yahweh.
      Exodus 5:2-3 = He may strike us with plagues or with the sword
    What was Pharaoh most concerned with?
      Exodus 5:4-5 = Get the people back to work

Who Is In Control? (Exodus 5-6)
    What did Pharaoh do to show that He was in control? = Make too busy to listen to Moses
      Exodus 5:6-9 = Made Israelites get their own straw for making bricks
    What affect did this have on the Israelites?
      Exodus 5:19-21 = They blamed Moses & Aaron

    What affect did this have on Moses? = Why haven't You rescued Your people?
      Exodus 5:22-23 = Why'd You send me? To bring trouble?
    Why was God waiting to rescue His people?
      Exodus 6:1, 6-7 = To show His mighty hand to Israel and the world.

    Did this explanation regain the confidence of the Israelites?
      Exodus 6:9 = didn't listen to him because of their discouragement & cruel bondage
    How did this affect Moses' confidence?
      Exodus 6:10-12 = How can I talk to Pharaoh if Israel won't listen?

    Who did God remind Moses was in control?
      Exodus 7:1-5 = Pharaoh's rejection is part of God's plan to show His power & control
    How old were Moses & Aaron when they went before Pharaoh?
      Exodus 7:6-7 = Moses was 80 and Aaron was 83

Egypt's Magicians (Exodus 7)
    What sign did God give Moses to show Pharaoh?
      Exodus 7:8-10 = Turn staff into snake
    How did Pharaoh respond to this sign? = Snakes trained to be like sticks
      Exodus 7:11-13 = Had magicians do same, Aaron's staff swallowed others

    Were the magicians able to duplicate any of God's other wonders?
      Exodus 7:22; 8:7 = Copied Plagues 1 & 2 - blood & frogs
    How did the magicians explain it when they were unable to copy Plague 3?
      Exodus 8:18-19 = This is the finger of God

    Where did the magicians get their power?
      2 Thessalonians 2:9 = Their powers were the work of Satan
    What is significant about the magicians during the plague of boils?
      Exodus 9:11 = Satan's greatest magicians were disabled by God's power

The First Plague (Exodus 7:21-23)
    Note: God can and does use His creation to do His will
    = Look for God's hand in your everyday experiences, Miracles of His grace are all around us
    What was the first plague? = Red Tide (algae bloom)?
      Exodus 7:20-21 = Turned water in Nile to blood, fish died, couldn't drink
    How did Pharaoh respond?
      Exodus 7:23 = Ignored it (didn't take to heart) - Just a magic trick

The Second Plague (Exodus 8:6-15)
    What was the second plague? = Fish dead, don't eat frog eggs or tadpoles?
      Exodus 8:6 = Frogs came up out of the water
    How did Pharaoh respond?
      Exodus 8:8 = Asked Moses to get God to take away frogs
    How did Pharaoh respond when frogs were gone?
      Exodus 8:12-15 = Hardened his heart, ignored Moses & Aaron

The Third Plague (Exodus 8:17-19)
    What was the third plague? = Fish dead, don't eat gnat eggs in water?
      Exodus 8:17 = Dust throughout Egypt turned into gnats (&/or mosquitoes)
    How did Pharaoh respond, even when magicians couldn't reproduce?
      Exodus 8:19 = Heart was hard, Wouldn't listen

The Fourth Plague (Exodus 8:24-32)
    What was the fourth plague? = Maggots grew in heaps of dead frogs?
      Exodus 8:24 = Ruined the land of Egypt with flies
    What extra touch did God add beginning with this plague?
      Exodus 8:22-23 = Plague covered all Egypt except Goshen
    How did Pharaoh respond?
      Exodus 8:28 = Said Israelites could go once the flies were gone
    How did Pharaoh respond once the flies were gone?
      Exodus 8:30-32 = Hardened his heart and wouldn't let the people go

The Fifth Plague (Exodus 9:6-7)
    What was the fifth plague? = Disease from flies &/or frog heaps?
      Exodus 9:6 = Killed all the livestock of Egypt, except Goshen
    How did Pharaoh respond?
      Exodus 9:7 = Heart was unyielding, wouldn't let people go

The Sixth Plague (Exodus 9:10-16)
    What was the sixth plague? = Disease from flies &/or frog heaps?
      Exodus 9:10 = Festering boils on men & animals
    How did Pharaoh respond?
      Exodus 9:12 = God hardened his heart, wouldn't listen to M & A
    Why would God have hardened Pharaoh's heart?
      Exodus 9:15-16 = Pharaoh raised for God's purpose of showing His power

The Seventh Plague (Exodus 9:25-35)
    What was the seventh plague?
      Exodus 9:25-26 = Hailed struck Egypt, except for Goshen
    How did Pharaoh respond?
      Exodus 9:27-28 = God is right, I am wrong; I will let you go
    How did Pharaoh respond after God stopped the hail?
      Exodus 9:34-35 = Hardened his heart, wouldn't let the people go
    Why was Pharaoh's heart continually hardened?
      Exodus 10:1-2 = To show God's power in a way His people would remember

The Eighth Plague (Exodus 10:8-20)
    What was the eighth plague? = Blown in by wind from Sinai desert
      Exodus 10:13-15 = Locusts ate everything green in Egypt
    How did Pharaoh respond when warned of the coming eighth plague?
      Exodus 10:8-11 = Would let them go, but not with women & children
    How did Pharaoh respond after locusts were gone?
      Exodus 10:18-20 = God hardened his heart, wouldn't let people go

The Ninth Plague (Exodus 10:22-29)
    What was the ninth plague?
      Exodus 10:22-23 = Three days of darkness everywhere except Goshen
    How did Pharaoh respond?
      Exodus 10:24 = Everyone can go, but livestock must stay
    How did Pharaoh respond to Moses' insistence that livestock must go?
      Exodus 10:27-29 = God hardened heart, Moses to never see Pharaoh again

The Last Plague (Exodus 12)
    How many more plagues did God have planned?
      Exodus 11:1 = One more and Pharaoh will let the people go
    What was the tenth plague?
      Exodus 12:29-30 = First-born of every Egyptian house was killed
    How were the Israelites spared from this last plague?
      Exodus 12:21-23 = Spread blood of Passover lamb over doorframes
    How are we spared from the eternal death we deserve?
      John 1:29 = the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world
    What important ceremony reminds the Jews of how God set Israel free?
      Exodus 12:24-27 = Passover, Bitter Herbs - slavery, Flat Bread - hurried departure
    What important ceremony reminds us of how God sets us free?
      Matthew 26:26-28 = The Lord's Supper

The Exodus (Exodus 12:31-41)
    How did Pharaoh respond to the tenth plague?
      Exodus 12:31-32 = Told Israel to go
    Why did the Egyptians help them leave quickly and with riches?
      Exodus 12:33-36 = To appease Israel's God and stop the dying
    How many people left in the Exodus? = Probably over 2 million
      Exodus 12:37-38 = 600,000 men + women + children + others + livestock
    How long had the Israelites spent in Egypt?
      Exodus 12:41 = 430 years to the very day

Led by God (Exodus 13)
    Why didn't God lead the Israelites along the direct highway to Canaan?
      Exodus 13:17 = They weren't ready; No organization, law, unity, military
    How did God lead His people where to go?
      Exodus 13:21-22 = Pillar of cloud by day, pillar of fire by night
    Why did God have the Israelites change directions?
      Exodus 14:3-4 = Make Pharaoh think Israel was confused & pursue them

Cornered by the Egyptians (Exodus 14-15)
    What did Pharaoh do after realizing that his slaves were actually gone?
      Exodus 14:8-9 = Took his army and chased Israel
    Did the Israelites trust God when they were cornered by the Egyptians?
      Exodus 14:11-12 = Blamed Moses for bringing them into the desert to die

    How did God save His people?
      Exodus 14:21-22 = Parted the waters & Israel crossed on dry ground
    How did God hold back the Egyptians while the Israelites crossed?
      Exodus 14:19-20 = Put His cloud between Egyptian army & Israel
    How did God slow the Egyptians' pursuit after Israel had crossed?
      Exodus 14:23-25 = Threw them into confusion, wheels off their chariots
    What did God do to show His selection and stop Egypt from further pursuit?
      Exodus 14:27-28 = Closed the sea back & destroyed the Egyptian army

    What affect did this event have on the new Israelite nation?
      Exodus 14:31 = The people feared the Lord & put their trust in Him & in Moses
    How did the Israelites respond?
      Exodus 15:1-2 = Sang a song of praise and worship

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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