Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults

Israel Comes to Mount Sinai

Exodus 15-33

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - God Leads His People to the Promised Land (Numbers)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind. This is the first and greatest commandment. Matthew 22:37-38

Opening Prayer

Trust in the Lord <=== Write this on the board
    What was the purpose of Israel's events and experiences in the wilderness?
      Deuteronomy 29:2-6 = I did this so you might know I am the Lord your God
    Did the Red Sea crossing have this effect?
      Exodus 14:30-31 = the people feared the Lord and put their trust in Him
    How long did this faithful trust last?
      Exodus 15:22-24 = They grumbled against Moses within 3 days

Crisis & Trials = Thru crises & trials God taught His people to Trust in Him
      Exodus 14:10-12 Exodus 14:13-14, 28-29
      = Afraid of Egyptians chasing = God saved Israel, they trusted Him
      Exodus 15:22-24 Exodus 15:25-26
      = Only bitter water = God made water sweet
      Exodus 16:2-3 Exodus 16:11-15
      = No food = Quail in evening, manna in morning
      Exodus 17:3 Exodus 17:6
      = No water = Water from the rock
      Exodus 17:8 Exodus 17:10-13
      = Amalekites attack Israel = Israel defeats Amalek

    Did God's intervention always achieve the desired results?
      Numbers 14:11 = How long will they refuse to believe, in spite of miracles
    What was God's intention when He intervened in a crisis?
      Exodus 15:1-2 = He is my strength & salvation <= To build TRUST

    How did God remind the Israelites every day to Trust in the Lord?
      Exodus 16:17-21 = Provided manna every day, only lasted one day
    Why were the people instructed to gather a double supply on the sixth day?
      Exodus 16:23-27 = Seventh day is Sabbath (day of rest)
    What miraculous sign did God give for our crises and trials?
      John 6:30-35 = Jesus is the true bread from heaven, bread of life

Organization = Was critical in the beginning years of this new nation <-- Add to board
    What kind of leadership did the Israelites have at first?
      Exodus 18:13-16 = Only Moses; everyone came to Moses to judge disputes
    What was Jethro's concern about this approach?
      Exodus 18:17-18 = Too many people; You will wear yourselves out
    What was Jethro's recommendation?
      Exodus 18:19-22 = Teach God's laws, Appoint leaders of 10s, 50s, 100s, 1000s

    What other organizational steps did this new kingdom take?
      Numbers 1 = Census taken of all tribes, Tribal leaders appointed
      Numbers 2 = Systematic encampment and breaking of camp by tribe
      Numbers 3-4 = Specific religious duties for Levite clans
      Numbers 10:1-10 = Orderly communications system with trumpets

Law & Legislation = A basic set of rules to start the nation on the right foot <-- Add to board
    Three types of Law in the Old Testament:
      Civil - Exodus 21-23 = Political law of the Jews, evolves with government
      Ceremonial - Leviticus = Regulated the religious practices of the OT Jews, evolves
      Moral - Exodus 20 = 10 Commandments, never changes, written into heart
    Laws were made for a people, not a person

    How long had Israel traveled when they reached Mount Sinai?
      Exodus 19:1-3 = Three months
    How did Moses know that God would speak to him on Mount Sinai?
      Exodus 3:12 = God called Moses at Sinai, said he'd return with Israel to worship
    What is the basic message God had for the Israelites on Sinai?
      Exodus 19:4-6 = Obey me & keep covenant, you'll be my kingdom of priests & holy nation
    How did Israel respond?
      Exodus 19:7-8 = We will do everything the Lord has said

The Ten Commandments - Exodus 20
    1. Exodus 20:3-6 Thou shalt have no other gods before Me.
    2. Exodus 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain.
    3. Exodus 20:8-11 Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy.
    4. Exodus 20:12 Thou shalt honor thy father and thy mother ...
    5. Exodus 20:13 Thou shalt not kill.
    6. Exodus 20:14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.
    7. Exodus 20:15 Thou shalt not steal.
    8. Exodus 20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
    9. Exodus 20:17a Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's house.
    10. Exodus 20:17b Thou shalt not covet anything that is thy neighbor's

Luther's Explanation
    What is the summary of the first tablet of the Law (Commandments 1-3)?
      Matthew 22:37-38 = Love the Lord, your God, with all your heart, soul & mind
    What is the summary of the second tablet of the Law (Commandments 4-10)?
      Matthew 22:39 = You shall love your neighbor as yourself
    What is the summary of all the Commandments?
      Romans 13:10 = Love is the fulfillment of the Law

    How does God want us to keep His Commandments?
      Matthew 5:48 = Be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect
      James 2:10 = Whoever keeps the whole Law but breaks one point is guilty of all
    Can man keep God's Commandments as He wants us to keep them?
      1 John 1:8 = If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves & truth is not in us
    Can anyone, then, be saved by the Law?
      Galatians 3:11 = No man is justified by the Law in the sight of God
    Where alone can we find salvation from sin?
      Romans 10:4 = Christ is the end of the Law for righteousness to all who believe

    What, then, is the purpose of the Law?
      A curb = Stops outbursts of sin & keeps order in the world
        1 Timothy 1:9 = Law not for righteous, but for sinners
      A mirror = Shows us our sin. Shows us we are unable to be perfect.
        Romans 7:7 = I wouldn't have known what sin was except by the Law
      A rule = Teaches us how to live a God-pleasing life
        Psalm 119:9 = Live according to Your Word to keep way pure

The Golden Calf (Exodus 32)
    How faithful were the Israelites while Moses receiving God's Law on Sinai?
      Exodus 32:1, 4 = Impatient for Moses to return, had Aaron make a god for them
    Which tablet had Israel broken?
      Exodus 20 = First Tablet (Commandments 1-3) - Love the Lord your God
    What is significant about Moses breaking both tablets?
      Exodus 32:19 = Need to love God to be able to truly love your neighbor

    What was God's initial response to this idolatry?
      Exodus 32:9-10 = Destroy them and turn Moses into a great nation
    How did Moses stop God from enacting this punishment?
      Exodus 32:12, 14 = So Egyptians wouldn't say God took His people to kill them
    How did Moses try to offer himself as atonement?
      Exodus 32:32 = Forgive their sin, or else blot me out of Your Book
    What did God say that especially turned the Israelites to repentance?
      Exodus 33:3-4 = I won't go with you, I might destroy you on the way
    How did God respond when Moses asked God to stay with Israel?
      Exodus 33:15-17 = He will go with Israel for Moses' sake

Rigid Discipline = To be God's Chosen People & be a blessing, must be strictly disciplined
    How were the Israelites punished for the Golden Calf?
      Exodus 32:20 = Burned & ground calf to powder, made Israel drink it
      Exodus 32:26-28 = Levites killed those not for the Lord - 3000 people
      Exodus 32:35 = Struck people with a plague

      Exodus 32:1-6 Exodus 32:35
      = Idolatry (Golden Calf) = Plague
      Leviticus 10:1 Leviticus 10:2
      = Abusing religious duties = Burned in God's fire
      Leviticus 24:11 Leviticus 24:13-14
      = Blasphemed (cursed) God = Stoned by assembly (Jesus accused of blaspheme)
      Numbers 12:1-2 Numbers 12:9-10
      = Jealousy (Miriam of Moses) = Leprosy
      Numbers 16:3 Numbers 16:31-33
      = Disrespect for authority = Swallowed by earthquake

    God formed His new nation through these things to teach them to

         T R U S T   I N   T H E   L O R D
                 R                 A R I I
                 I                 W G G S
                 A                   A I C
                 L                   N D I
                 S                   I   P
                                     Z   L
                                     A   I
                                     T   N
                                     I   E

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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