Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults

Israel's First King

1 Samuel 4-11

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - God Chooses David (1 Samuel 13, 15-17)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      Whether you turn to the right or to the left, your ears will hear a voice behind you, saying, "This is the way; walk in it." Isaiah 30:21

Opening Prayer

The Lost Ark (1 Samuel 4-6)
    What major loss did Israel experience at Ebenezer?
      1 Samuel 4:10-11 = Major defeat by Philistines, ark taken
    What happened when the Philistines put the ark beside their god Dagon in Ashdod?
      1 Samuel 5:4, 6 = Dagon fell facedown to the ark; Plague of tumors & rats
    What did the Philistines do after the ark also caused tumors in Gath and Ekron?
      1 Samuel 6:8 = Returned the ark to Israel with guilt offerings of gold tumors & rats
    How did the Israelites in Beth Shemesh respond to the return of the ark?
      1 Samuel 6:14 = They used the cart & cows to sacrifice to God
    Why did the men of Beth Shemesh send the ark to Kiriath Jearim?
      1 Samuel 6:19-21 = 70 died from looking into the ark

Samuel the Judge (1 Samuel 7)
    What did Samuel tell the people to do to be delivered from the Philistines?
      1 Samuel 7:2-4 = Get rid of idols & worship God alone
    How did God then deliver His people?
      1 Samuel 7:5, 10 = Samuel & people sacrificed at Mizpah, P's attacked, Israel won
    Did Israel have peace under Samuel as they had under other judges?
      1 Samuel 7:13-14 = Regained towns, Philistines subdued, peace with Amorites
    How long did Samuel serve as judge and from where?
      1 Samuel 7:15-17 = All his life, Based in Ramah, made annual circuit

Who Picks the Judge? (1 Samuel 8:1-3)
    How did Samuel try to continue his leadership even beyond death?
      1 Samuel 8:1 = He appointed his sons as judges
    How had judges been appointed for Israel?
      Judges 2:16 = God raised them up, not appointed by men nor inheritance
    What had been the opinion about rulers during the time of the judges?
      Judges 8:22-23 = The Lord is our king
    What happened when one of Gideon's sons set himself up as king?
      Judges 9:22-23 (1-57) = Abimelech & people turned against each other
    What kind of judges were Samuel's sons?
      1 Samuel 8:3 = Not like Samuel, Were dishonest, took bribes, perverted justice

Israel Asks for a King (1 Samuel 8:4-20)
    What did Israel ask of Samuel?
      1 Samuel 8:4-5 = Appoint a king to lead us
    How did Samuel respond to the thought that his sons weren't fit as judges?
      1 Samuel 8:6 = He was displeased, prayed to God
    How did God respond to Samuel's feelings of rejection?
      1 Samuel 8:7-9 = They're not rejecting you, they're rejecting me as usual

    How did Samuel try to change the people's minds about wanting a king?
      1 Samuel 8:10-18 = He warned Israel how a king would tax & burden them
    Why did Israel really want a king?
      1 Samuel 8:19-20 = With a king we'll be like the other nations

God's View of a King (1 Samuel 8:21-22)
    Did God oppose appointing a king?
      1 Samuel 8:21-22 = Listen to them & give them a king
    Is God against government?
      Romans 13:1-7 = Authorities established by God, rulers are God's servants
    As a Roman citizen, Paul might be more accepting of Roman rule. What did Peter say?
      1 Peter 2:13-14 = Submit yourselves to the authorities instituted by God
    So how should we respond when we disagree with those in authority?
      1 Timothy 2:1-3 = Pray for your rulers, Ask God for peace, Thank God for them

A King Who Can't Find His Donkeys (1 Samuel 9)
    What do we first learn about Saul?
      1 Samuel 9:1-2 = From tribe of Benjamin, well-to-do family, big & tall
    Why did Saul go wandering through Ephraim and Benjamin?
      1 Samuel 9:3-4 = Looking for his father's donkeys

    What idea of last hope did Saul's servant suggest?
      1 Samuel 9:6 = Let's go to the man of God and ask where the donkeys are
    Did Saul agree with this idea? Who was the man of God?
      1 Samuel 9:10, 14 = Yes. Samuel.

    How was Saul unknowingly fulfilling a prophesy to Samuel?
      1 Samuel 9:15-17 = God told Samuel He would send His choice for king
    How did Samuel answer Saul's questions even before they were asked?
      1 Samuel 9:18-20 = Donkeys found. You have been chosen for something great
    How did Saul respond to the idea that he was chosen for something special?
      1 Samuel 9:21 = I'm just a nobody, the least of the least

Signs For the Anointed (1 Samuel 10:1-16)
    How many people were present when Samuel anointed Saul as king the next day?
      1 Samuel 9:27-10:1 = Only Saul and Samuel
    How would Saul know that he really was the Lord's anointed leader?
      1 Samuel 10:2 = Two men at Zelzah will say donkeys are found & dad is worried
      1 Samuel 10:3-4 = 3 men going to Bethel will give bread at the great tree of Tabor
      1 Samuel 10:5-7 = Will meet & join prophets at Gibeah
    Did these signs occur?
      1 Samuel 10:9-10 = Just as Samuel had said
    What did those who knew Saul think when they saw him with the prophets?
      1 Samuel 10:11 = Is Saul also among the prophets?
    Did Saul tell others what had happened?
      1 Samuel 10:14-16 = No

Saul Made King (1 Samuel 10:17-23)
    Why did Samuel gather the people of Israel at Mizpah?
      1 Samuel 10:17-19 = God will choose a king (Mizpah was national meeting place)
    How did Samuel show that this king was chosen by God?
      1 Samuel 10:20-21 = They drew lots for tribe, clan, family & man
    How eager was Saul to be presented as the first king of Israel?
      1 Samuel 10:22-23 = He hid among the baggage and had to be brought out

Inadequate Leaders (2 Corinthians 12:9)
    Was this feeling of inadequacy rare for those chosen by God?
      Exodus 3:11 (13; 4:1, 10, 13) = Moses' 5 excuses why he wasn't the one
      Judges 6:15 (17, 36-40) = Gideon said he was nobody & asked for signs
      Jeremiah 1:6 = Jeremiah said he was only a child, couldn't speak
      Luke 5:8 = Peter told Jesus to go away, I am a sinful man
      Ephesians 3:8 = Paul said he was less than the least of all God's people
    How were these inadequate men able to become great leaders of God's people?
      Exodus 4:11-12 = God was with them and told them what to do
    What should we remember when we feel inadequate to share our faith with others?
      1 Corinthians 2:13 = We don't come up with the words, God tells us what to say
    What should we remember when we feel inadequate to do the work God has for us?
      2 Corinthians 12:9 = My grace is sufficient for you, my power is made perfect in weakness.

Response to the King (1 Samuel 10:24-27)
    Did the people accept their new king? = Some troublemakers opposed him
      1 Samuel 10:24, 27 = They shouted, Long live the king!
    What did Saul do after this momentous historic event?
      1 Samuel 10:25-26 = He went home

Saul Begins to Act Like a King (1 Samuel 11:1-8)
    What provided the occasion for Saul to begin acting as king?
      1 Samuel 11:1-3 = Ammonites besieged Jabesh Gilead
    How did Saul learn of this attack? = Had not taken kingship seriously
      1 Samuel 11:4-5 = Heard from messengers after coming in from working in fields
    How did Saul react to this news?
      1 Samuel 11:6-8 = Cut apart oxen & sent through Israel to raise 330,000 soldiers

Saul Confirmed as King (1 Samuel 11:11-15)
    What did Saul do with the army God brought to him?
      1 Samuel 11:11 = Slaughtered the Ammonites
    Now that Saul had proven his leadership, how did he handle those who had opposed him?
      1 Samuel 11:12-13 = He forgave them
    How did Israel celebrate their victory?
      1 Samuel 11:14-15 = They went to Gilgal & confirmed Saul as king
    How old was Saul when he became king?
      1 Samuel 13:1 = 30 years old

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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