Teacher Notes

Bible Stories for Adults

Solomon Builds the Temple

1 Kings 5-10

Welcome and Announcements
    Next Week - The Divided Kingdom (1 Kings 11-12)
    Bible Words to Remember:
      I will fulfill my vows to the Lord in the presence of all His people, in the courts of the house of the Lord - in your midst, O Jerusalem. Praise the Lord. Psalm 116:18-19

Opening Prayer

Solomon's First Ally (1 Kings 5)
    Who was the first world leader to reach out in alliance to Solomon?
      1 Kings 5:1 = Hiram, king of Tyre (on coast in Phoenicia)
    In what way had Hiram been on friendly terms with David?
      2 Samuel 5:11 = First to reach out to David, Sent labor & materials to build palace
    How did Solomon respond to Hiram's gesture of goodwill?
      1 Kings 5:2-5 = Proposed trade agreement to get materials to build temple

David's Temple (2 Samuel 7)
    Had David really been prevented from building a temple for God?
      2 Samuel 7:1-5 = Yes, God told David (thru Nathan) that he wasn't the one
    What did God say must happen first?
      2 Samuel 7:10-11a = God would grant peace to Israelites & allow them to settle down
    Did this happen under Solomon's reign?
      1 Kings 4:20, 25 = All happy & safe under his own vine & fig tree (chicken in every pot)

God's Temple (2 Samuel 7:11-16)
    How did God turn his rejection of David's desire to build a temple into a blessing?
      2 Samuel 7:11b-16 = His son would build a temple, David's throne would last forever
    Who was God speaking about besides Solomon?
      Hebrews 1:4-5 (Matthew 3:7) = Jesus - Verses are Messianic prophesy

    Was David able to contribute at all towards God's temple?
      1 Chronicles 28:11-12 = He developed the plans as inspired by the Holy Spirit
    Did David do anything for the temple other than document God's designs?
      1 Chronicles 22:5, 14-16 = Extensive preparations - gold, iron, logs, jewels, skilled labor

Solomon's Temple (1 Kings 6)
    How long had the Israelites worshipped God in a tent?
      1 Kings 6:1 = 480 years (12 tribes x 40 yrs/generation)
    How large did Solomon make the temple? = Write on board (cubit = 11/2 ft)
      1 Kings 6:2 = 90'L x 30'W x 45'H - Tabernacle was 45'L x 15'W x 15'H (Exodus 26)
    How elaborate was the temple? = Only priests could enter Holy Place & see the beauty
      1 Kings 6:7, 18, 21-22 = Carefully dressed stone, inside gold overlaid cedar panels

Temple Furnishings (1 Kings 7-9)
    What types of furnishings did Solomon provide for the temple? = make list on board
      1 Kings 7:41-45, 48-50 = Very elaborate in crafted bronze & gold
    What did Solomon do after the temple was completed? = 22K cows, 120K sheep/goats
      1 Kings 8:1, 62-63, 65b = Put ark in MHP, sacrificed, dedicated temple, 2 wk festival
    What did God do after the temple was completed?
      1 Kings 8:10-11; 9:3 = Put His presence and Name there
      1 Kings 9:4-7 = Made a covenant and promise with Solomon

Today's Temple (1 Kings 6-7)
    Who made it possible for everyone to enter the Holy Place and Most Holy Place?
      Hebrews 9:6-8, 11-12, 26b = Jesus was the great high priest
    When did this happen?
      Matthew 27:50-51 = The curtain separating the Most Holy Place tore when Jesus died
    Why don't we offer sacrifices on the altar any more?
      Hebrews 10:11-14 = Because Christ was the great sacrifice that took all sins

    The Sea held 11,500 gallons of water for the priests to wash before entering the Holy Place.
    What does the Christian Church have that is similar to the Sea?
      Acts 22:16 = The baptismal font to wash your sins away
    What other washing and cleansing is supplied through the church?
      Ephesians 5:25-17 = Cleansing through the word

    Golden lampstands gave light to the temple. What light do the candles in our church signify?
      John 8:12 = Jesus, the light of the world
    What parallel do we have for the bread of God's Presence placed on the table every Sabbath?
      1 Corinthians 10:16 = The body of Christ we eat when we share the Lord's Supper
    The ark in the Most Holy Place held the Ten Commandments. Were these abolished by Jesus?
      Matthew 5:17-18 = No, He did not come to abolish them but to fulfill them

Importance of the Temple (John 4:20-24)
    What happened to the temple and its furnishings nearly 400 years later?
      2 Kings 24:13; 25:9, 13-14 = Valuables taken to Babylon in exile, rest burned down
    What effect did this have on the Jews?
      Lamentations 2:7, 10-11 = They were devastated, couldn't believe God let this happen
    How did Jesus further raise the anger of Jews after clearing the temple marketplace?
      John 2:18-22 (Mark 14:58) = Said the temple would be destroyed, then raised in 3 days

    How important was the temple to the Jews?
      John 4:20 = It was THE place to worship God
    What lesson did Jesus have regarding the importance of worshipping in the temple?
      John 4:21-24 = Temple not important, but to worship the Father in spirit and truth

Solomon's Palace (1 Kings 7)
    How long did it take Solomon to build the temple?
      1 Kings 6:37-38 = 7 years - Write on board
    How long did it take Solomon to build his palace?
      1 Kings 7:1 = 13 years - Compare on board

    How large was the palace and what was it called? = 4 rows of cedar pillars looked like forest
      1 Kings 7:2 = 150'L x 75'W x 45'H - Palace of the Forest of Lebanon
    How elaborate were the palace furnishings?
      1 Kings 10:16-17 = Hung 200 large & 300 small gold shields on walls

Solomon's Fame (1 Kings 10:1-9)
    How extensive was Solomon's kingdom? = Tiphsah was city on Euphrates River
      1 Kings 4:21, 24 = From Tiphsah to Egypt paid tribute to Solomon all his life
    Was this peace a result of Solomon keeping a low profile?
      1 Kings 4:34 = No, the whole world heard of Solomon's wisdom
    How far did word of Solomon's wisdom spread?
      1 Kings 10:1 = Queen of Sheba heard (Sheba at southern tip of Arabia, 1200 mi. away)

    Was Solomon able to answer the queen's hard questions?
      1 Kings 10:3, 6-7 = He proved to be wiser than she expected
    How did Solomon's wisdom & fame help his call of Blessed to be a Blessing?
      1 Kings 10:8-9, 23-24 = Made others happy; Brought praise to God from other nations

    What gifts did the Queen of Sheba give to Solomon?
      1 Kings 10:10 = 4.5 tons of gold, jewels & more spices than ever imported
    Did anyone else give gifts to Solomon?
      1 Kings 10:25 = Received many visitors to hear his wisdom, each brought a gift

Solomon's Wealth (1 Kings 10:10-29)
    What was Solomon's annual gold income (besides import taxes & tributes)?
      1 Kings 10:14-15 = 25 tons
    How extravagant did things become for Solomon?
      1 Kings 10:21, 27 = Goblets & household articles were gold, silver was commonplace
    How much of a trader and merchant was Solomon?
      1 Kings 9:26-28 = Fleet of ships on Red Sea sailed to Ophir (southern end of Red Sea)
      1 Kings 10:22 = Fleet of ships in Mediterranean Sea sailed to Tarshish (Spain)
      1 Kings 10:28-29 = Land-based trade in Asia, Egypt & Arabia

Solomon's Burden (1 Kings 4, 9)
    How many chariots and horses did Solomon get from Egypt?
      1 Kings 10:26 = 1400 chariots, 12K horses
    Besides the trade deficit, what was wrong with this Egyptian horse trading?
      Deuteronomy 17:16 = God forbade the king to stockpile horses or get them from Egypt
    What provisions did Solomon's government require on a daily basis?
      1 Kings 4:22-23 = 560 bushels flour & meal, 30 cattle, 100 sheep & goats, others
    How were these extensive provisions supplied?
      1 Kings 4:27-28 = Each district was taxed (1 month per year), also supplied horse feed

    Where did Solomon get the laborers he needed for his building projects?
      1 Kings 9:20-21 = Turned all non-Jews into slaves
    How many laborers did Solomon enlist?
      1 Kings 5:13-18 = 30K woodcutters, 70K carriers, 80K stonecutters, 3300 foremen
    Where did Solomon get the foremen and his soldiers?
      1 Kings 9:22-23 = Drafted Israelites (forced labor)
    Although they were drafted, why was it important that they were not called slaves?
      Leviticus 25:42 = Forbidden to make an Israelite a slave
    How did the Israelites feel about the heavy taxation and governmental burdens?
      1 Kings 12:4 = Asked Solomon's son (Rehoboam) for relief

Solomon's Downfall (1 Kings 11)
    What command had God given Israel that Solomon completely ignored?
      1 Kings 11:1-2 = Don't intermarry because they will lead you astray
    Was Solomon led astray by his wives as God had said? = 700 foreign wives , 300 concubines
      1 Kings 11:3-8 = He built high places for his wives' gods & followed Ashtoreth & Molech
    How did God decide to punish Solomon for this evil?
      1 Kings 11:9-13 = He would tear away all Israel but one tribe from his descendants

Closing Prayer

Copyright © 1997 by Kurt Rosenhagen

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